Posts Tagged ‘J.B. Fonoti

30
Mar
09

Hon J.B. Fonoti A Major Global Recognition For World Peace and Freedom 1945. By Regents Professor Paul Gordon Lauren.

Paul Gordon Lauren, Ph.D. Biography

Paul Gordon Lauren is the first person to be named as a Regents Professor at The University of Montana. He is an internationally-recognized teacher and scholar on diplomacy, international relations, and human rights. He has published many articles, chapters, and eleven books, all or portions of which have been translated into seven different languages, including the widely-read Force and Statecraft, the highly-acclaimed The Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions Seen nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, and the award-winning Power and Prejudice: The Politics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination. Professor Lauren has received the Distinguished Scholar Award, Outstanding Advisor to Students Award, the Most Inspirational Teacher Award, the Robert Pantzer Award, and the Award for Distinguished Service to International Education at The University of Montana as well as the CASE Professor of the Year Award and the Governor’s Humanities Award. He served as the founding director of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center and as the Mansfield Professor of Ethics and Public Affairs. In addition, he has been a Senior Fulbright Scholar, a Senior Fulbright Specialist, a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, a Peace Fellow, a Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellow, and a Distinguished Lecturer for the U.S. Department of State. Professor Lauren has presented many lectures throughout the United States and around the world to a wide variety of audiences, including students and professors, the general public, activists, analysts, attorneys and judges, professional diplomats, legislators, and policy makers. He also has delivered invited addresses before the Smithsonian Institution, the Nobel Peace Institute, and the United Nations.

Leader Hon Fonoti of Western Samoa rated at the same level as Gandhi of India and three others for World Peace and Freedom.HON FONOTI MATA'UTIA IOANE BROWN OF LOTOFAGA ATUA.

From Book: The Evolution of International Human Rights; visions seen; by Paul Gordon Lauren. Edition 2. (Page 176: Chapter 6)

Peace and a Charter with Human Rights

Peace, in their mind, thus required that “all human beings, irrespective of race, creed, or sex, have the right to persue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security, and equal opportunity.

Many also began to define peace as more clearly entailing the protection of civil and political rights for all people. After their own recent history, they will no longer willing to accept the old proposition that how a government treated its own people remained an exclusive and simple matter of “domestic jurisdiction.” The crushing of all opposition, the denial of freedom of speech and assembly, the elimination of due process, and the expansion of the power of the state over the lives of individuals and groups by Hitler, Mussolini, and the militarists in Japan – all behind the protective shield of national sovereignty – convinced them that the abuse of rights at home could all too quickly spill over national borders and lead to war and even genocide. “As basic human rights are protected in each country, the prevention of war is made easier,” declared the Commission to Study the Organisation of Peace. The reason for this, they believed, could be stated directly and in light of recent experience:

Now, as a result of the Second World War, it has become clear that a regime of violence and oppression within any nation of the civilized world is a matter of concern for all the rest. It is a disease in the body politic which is contagious because the government that rest upon violence will, by its very nature, be even more ready to do violence to foreigners than to its own fellow citizens, especially if it can thus escape the consequences of its acts at home. The foreign policy of despots is inherently one which carries with it a constant risk to the peace and security of others. In short, if aggression is the key-note of domestic policy, it will also be the clue to foreign relations.

The ordeal of this particular war similarly contributed to the concept that any lasting peace would require an implementation of the right of self-determination. Part of this, of course, resulted from the many promises made by the Allies to distance themselves from their adversaries and to solicit support for the larger crusade. They promoted the idea at every opportunity that the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they would live remained one of the most essential ingredients of any peace settlement. Thus, the Atlantic Charter, the Declaration of the United Nations, the many speeches by Allied leaders, and even the Declaration on Liberated Europe emerging as late as February 1945 from the Yalta Conference between the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union all fostered this belief. But there was something more as well. The war produced millions of new European victims of aggression at the hands of the Axis powers. As a result, their own first-hand experience made them much more sympathetic than ever to the sufferings of others forced to live under conquest and subjugation, including those indigenous people within their colonial empires, who vowed that there could never be lasting peace as long as they were denied their freedom. Thus, many victims in the west began to join with many others like Gandhi in India, Ho Chi Minh of Indochina, Nkrumah and Kenyatta of Africa, Carlos Romulo of the Philippines, and Fonoti of Western Samoa in regarding the right of self-determination as absolutely necessary for international peace.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: on Page 207

Simultaneous with these intense debates on the new human rights agenda were those that raged over the right of self-determination. World War II had released powerful psychological and political forces in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Middle East, and the Pacific demanding rights for indigenous peoples and an end to colonial empires. These clashed directly and often violently with the resistance of the imperial powers to surrender control over their possessions.

Considerable pressure had been bought to bear by the majority of states to write provisions into the Charter concerning the Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories, recognizing the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these lands were paramount and pledging to work toward self-government and to authorize the creation of an International Trusteeship system within the United Nations. But this represented only a tenuous compromise. The majority within the General Assembly, who themselves had once been victims of imperialism, still were not satisfied, and decided to push further. Instead of having only imperial powers serve on the Trusteeship Council, for example, they elected such well-known vocal opponents of colonialism as China, Iraq, Mexico, and the Soviet Union. They battled over the text of each and every trusteeship agreement, trying to drive the specific conditions toward a greater emphasis on the rights of the peoples of these territories. In this regard, they strongly criticized a number of the early draft proposals from the colonial powers, but praised the commitment from the New Zealand that its agreement with Western Samoa would be “in effect a self-contained Bill of Rights for the inhabitants.

They adamantly rejected the plan by South Africa to annex South-West Africa and passed two important resolutions. One of these sought to take reports about the conditions within the trust territories and place them in the hands of the General Assembly as a whole where they could be discussed by determined and vocal advocates of decolonization. A second resolution called on those members who administered trust territories to convene special conferences of representatives of the peoples living in these lands in order that they might articulate their wishes and aspirations for self-government. Such action, they declared, would help to give practical effect to both the letter and the spirit of the human rights provisions within the Charter itself.

Book Intro: The Evolution of International Human Rights; visions seen; by Paul Gordon Lauren. Edition 2.

This widely acclaimed and highly regarded book, embraced by students, scholars, policymakers, and activists, now appears in a new edition. Using the theme of visions seen by those who dreamed of what might be, Lauren explores the dramatic transformation of a world patterned by centuries of traditional structures of authority, gender abuse, racial prejudice, class divisions and slavery, colonial empires, and claims of national sovereignty into a global community that now boldly proclaims that the way governments treat their own people is a matter of international concern–and sets the goal of human rights “for all peoples and all nations.”

Lauren makes clear the truly universal nature of this movement by drawing into his discussion people and cultures in every part of the globe. In this regard, the book offers particularly remarkable revelations and insights when analyzing the impact of wars and revolutions, non-Western nations, struggles against sexism and racism, liberation movements and decolonization, nongovernmental organizations, and the courage and determination of countless numbers of common men and women who have contributed to the evolution of international human rights.

This new edition incorporates the most recent developments of the International Criminal Court, the arrest of Augusto Pinochet and the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, technology and the Internet, the impact of NGOs like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, globalization, terrorism, and the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks.Regents Professor Mr. Paul Gordon Lauren.

More details
The evolution of international human rights: visions seen
By Paul Gordon Lauren
Edition: 2, illustrated
Published by University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003
ISBN 081221854X, 9780812218541
397 pages – (Copy Page 176 from book below)



HUMAN RIGHTS: BY REGENTS PROFESSOR PAUL GORDAN LAUREN

HUMAN RIGHTS: BY REGENTS PROFESSOR PAUL GORDON LAUREN

Click on link to view the book on google: TheEvolutionHumnaRights

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27
Dec
08

ORIGINAL COPIES OF MINUTES FOR PETITION ON SELF-GOVERNMENT IN 1944 BY HON FONOTI WAS DIRECTLY PRESENTED TO NZ PM RT. HON P. FRASER, ETC.

HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN was a successful Samoan businessman and also a successful politition. He was the leader of ‘The Fono a Faipule’ of Samoa from 1939 to 1947. And was also a ‘Member of the Legislative Assembly’ from 1948 to 1952 and 1955 to 1957. And from 1954 he was also a member of the ‘Working Committee of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa. He was also the leader for the MAU of Atua from 1935 to Vaimoso as last in 1942. The founder and leader of Samoa Democratic Party in 1953.

THE PETITION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA BY LEADER FAIPULE HON FONOTI IN 1944, AND THE UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL ON THE 13th DECEMBER 1946. THE NEWLY SAMOAN FLAG WAS RAISED ON 1st JUNE 1948: SAMOA’S FREEDOM! HON FONOTI GOVERNMENT APPOINTED OF HIS WISH IN 1954-57.

THE PETITION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA BY HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN THAT PRESENTED DIRECTLY TO NEW ZEALAND GOVERNOR-GENERAL SIR. CYRAL NEWALL IN JUNE 1944, AND MUCH MORE DIRECTLY TO NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER THE RT. HON MR PETER FRASER IN DECEMBER 1944: ORIGINAL COPIES OF MINUTES TAKEN ON DECEMBER 20TH to 26TH IN 1944.

There was, then, in Western Samoa from 1942 onwards a growing and audible demand for self-government, a demand by no means silenced by New Zealand paternalism. In 1944 that which had long been familiar to experts was made explicit. In June of that year the Governor-General, Sir Cyril Newall, paid his third visit to the territory, and Samoan spokesman, while welcoming him on behalf of the Fono of Faipule, expressed solid criticism of New Zealand policy. “The Samoans, said leader Hon Fonoti, had been denied even that element of self-government which had been established in Tonga and Fiji and in Eastern Samoa. The terms of the mandate have imposed on New Zealand the solemn duty of educating the Samoans to self-government and the terms of the Atlantic Charter express the same aim for the small nations of the world. Thirty years have passed since New Zealand took over Western Samoa and we are appreciably no nearer this goal. We wish to assure your Excellency that the Samoan people are loyal to the Union Jack, His Majesty the King and the British Empire, but after thirty years of New Zealand administration during which our justified aspirations were ignored and our requests for improvements were rejected, we have lost confidence in the trusteeship of New Zealand which has shown a lack of interest in the territory and treated its people as stepchildren. In the Governor’s phrase, – a nettle is appearing”.

In the month that followed, political activity continued, and the Faipule leader Hon Fonoti formed a standing committee to keep in touch with the workings of the administration: move with sinister precedents. In the view of an experienced observer; it was not far removed from the formation of another Mau. By this time, however, it was known that the Prime Minister himself was about to visit the mandated territory. He was known to have a keen personal interest in its administration, of which since 1940 he had been the ministerial head; but the tremendous pressure of war issues during the ensuing years had kept his main attention elsewhere.

In 1944, as the war situation eased and as politics in Western Samoa grew more tense, he carried out a long-deferred intention to discuss the matter on the spot with those most concerned. This visit of the Prime Minister Peter Fraser to Western Samoa and his discussions with a special Fono in December “proved a Crucial Event in New Zealand’s Relations with the Samoans and in the Evolution of New Zealand’s conception of trusteeship”.

In the first place, the Samoans formulated their political demands for themselves, as well as for the New Zealand Government, with unmistakable clarity. The Faipule leader Hon Fonoti presented to the Prime Minister a list of remits, most of which were detailed and aimed at progressive displacement of Europeans by Samoans in administration, but which was headed by a firm request for self-government after the war.

(Note: just for the first page 158 is from book Samoa mo Samoa by Professor J.W. Davidson)

SAMOA MO SAMOA BOOK BY PROFESSOR J.W. DAVIDSON P158COPIES MINUTES OF PETITON FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT BY HON FONOTI IN DECEMBER 1944

jb-fonoti-and-nz-pm1jb-fonoti-and-nz-pm2jb-fonoti-and-nz-pm3

fonoti-petition1

fonoti-petition22fonoti-petition3fonoti-petition4fonoti-petition5fonoti-petition66fonoti-petition77

THE LIST OF REMITS INCLUDED TO THE PETITION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA BY HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN TO NZ PM HON MR FRASER IN 1944

jb-fonoti-and-nz-pm5jb-fonoti-and-nz-pm661

fonotitrip99

COPIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA ON DECEMBER 13TH 1946: A RESULT FROM THE PETITION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT BY HON FONOTI ON DECEMBER 20TH 1944.

united-nations-approval1united-nations-approval2united-nations-approval3united-nations-approval4jb-fonoti-leader-of-fono-of-faipule-letter-in-1945

HON FONOTI OF WESTERN SAMOA RATED SAME LEVEL AMONGST SOME OF THE GREATEST PEOPLE IN THE WORLD LIKE GANDHI IN INDIA AND FOUR OTHERS FOR WORLD PEACE AND FREEDOM 1945

From Book: The Evolution of International Human Rights; visions seen; by Paul Gordon Lauren. Edition 2. (Page 176: Chapter 6) Peace And A Charter With Human Rights.

Book Intro: Paul Lauren makes clear the truly universal nature of this movement by drawing into his discussion people and cultures in every part of the globe. Paul Gordon Lauren is the first person to be named as a Regents Professor at The University of Montana. He is an internationally-recognized teacher and scholar on diplomacy, international relations, and human rights. In this regard, the book offers particularly remarkable revelations and insights when analyzing the impact of wars and revolutions, non-Western nations, struggles against sexism and racism, liberation movements and decolonization, nongovernmental organizations, and the courage and determination of countless numbers of common men and women who have contributed to the evolution of international human rights. This new edition incorporates the most recent developments of the International Criminal Court, the arrest of Augusto Pinochet and the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, technology and the Internet, the impact of NGOs like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, globalization, terrorism, and the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks. Professor Lauren has presented many lectures throughout the United States and around the world to a wide variety of audiences, including students and professors, the general public, activists, analysts, attorneys and judges, professional diplomats, legislators, and policy makers. He also has delivered invited addresses before the Smithsonian Institution, the Nobel Peace Institute, and the United Nations.

Leader Hon Fonoti of Western Samoa Global Recognition For World Peace And Freedom 1945.

Peace, in their mind, thus required that “all human beings, irrespective of race, creed, or sex, have the right to persue both their material well-being and their spiritual development in conditions of freedom and dignity, of economic security, and equal opportunity.

Many also began to define peace as more clearly entailing the protection of civil and political rights for all people. After their own recent history, they will no longer willing to accept the old proposition that how a government treated its own people remained an exclusive and simple matter of “domestic jurisdiction.” The crushing of all opposition, the denial of freedom of speech and assembly, the elimination of due process, and the expansion of the power of the state over the lives of individuals and groups by Hitler, Mussolini, and the militarists in Japan – all behind the protective shield of national sovereignty – convinced them that the abuse of rights at home could all too quickly spill over national borders and lead to war and even genocide. “As basic human rights are protected in each country, the prevention of war is made easier,” declared the Commission to Study the Organisation of Peace. The reason for this, they believed, could be stated directly and in light of recent experience:

Now, as a result of the Second World War, it has become clear that a regime of violence and oppression within any nation of the civilized world is a matter of concern for all the rest. It is a disease in the body politic which is contagious because the government that rest upon violence will, by its very nature, be even more ready to do violence to foreigners than to its own fellow citizens, especially if it can thus escape the consequences of its acts at home. The foreign policy of despots is inherently one which carries with it a constant risk to the peace and security of others. In short, if aggression is the key-note of domestic policy, it will also be the clue to foreign relations.

The ordeal of this particular war similarly contributed to the concept that any lasting peace would require an implementation of the right of self-determination. Part of this, of course, resulted from the many promises made by the Allies to distance themselves from their adversaries and to solicit support for the larger crusade. They promoted the idea at every opportunity that the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they would live remained one of the most essential ingredients of any peace settlement.Thus, the Atlantic Charter, the Declaration of the United Nations, the many speeches by Allied leaders, and even the Declaration on Liberated Europe emerging as late as February 1945 from the Yalta Conference between the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union all fostered this belief. But there was something more as well. The war produced millions of new European victims of aggression at the hands of the Axis powers. As a result, their own first-hand experience made them much more sympathetic than ever to the sufferings of others forced to live under conquest and subjugation, including those indigenous people within their colonial empires, who vowed that there could never be lasting peace as long as they were denied their freedom. Thus, many victims in the west began to join with many others like Gandhi in India, Ho Chi Minh of Indochina, Nkrumah and Kenyatta of Africa, Carlos Romulo of the Philippines, and Fonoti of Western Samoa in regarding the right of self-determination as absolutely necessary for international peace.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: on Page 207
Simultaneous with these intense debates on the new human rights agenda were those that raged over the right of self-determination. World War II had released powerful psychological and political forces in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Middle East, and the Pacific demanding rights for indigenous peoples and an end to colonial empires. These clashed directly and often violently with the resistance of the imperial powers to surrender control over their possessions. Simultaneous with these intense debates on the new human rights agenda were those that raged over the right of self-determination. World War II had released powerful psychological and political forces in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Middle East, and the Pacific demanding rights for indigenous peoples and an end to colonial empires. These clashed directly and often violently with the resistance of the imperial powers to surrender control over their possessions.

Considerable pressure had been bought to bear by the majority of states to write provisions into the Charter concerning the Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories, recognizing the principle that the interests of the inhabitants of these lands were paramount and pledging to work toward self-government and to authorize the creation of an International Trusteeship system within the United Nations. But this represented only a tenuous compromise. The majority within the General Assembly, who themselves had once been victims of imperialism, still were not satisfied, and decided to push further. Instead of having only imperial powers serve on the Trusteeship Council, for example, they elected such well-known vocal opponents of colonialism as China, Iraq, Mexico, and the Soviet Union. They battled over the text of each and every trusteeship agreement, trying to drive the specific conditions toward a greater emphasis on the rights of the peoples of these territories. In this regard, they strongly criticized a number of the early draft proposals from the colonial powers, but praised the commitment from the New Zealand that its agreement with Western Samoa would be “in effect a self-contained Bill of Rights for the inhabitants.

They adamantly rejected the plan by South Africa to annex South-West Africa and passed two important resolutions. One of these sought to take reports about the conditions within the trust territories and place them in the hands of the General Assembly as a whole where they could be discussed by determined and vocal advocates of decolonization. A second resolution called on those members who administered trust territories to convene special conferences of representatives of the peoples living in these lands in order that they might articulate their wishes and aspirations for self-government. Such action, they declared, would help to give practical effect to both the letter and the spirit of the human rights provisions within the Charter itself.

Paul Gordon Lauren, Ph.D. Biography:
Paul Gordon Lauren is the first person to be named as a Regents Professor at The University of Montana. He is an internationally-recognized teacher and scholar on diplomacy, international relations, and human rights. He has published many articles, chapters, and eleven books, all or portions of which have been translated into seven different languages, including the widely-read Force and Statecraft, the highly-acclaimed The Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions Seen nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, and the award-winning Power and Prejudice: The Politics and Diplomacy of Racial Discrimination. Professor Lauren has received the Distinguished Scholar Award, Outstanding Advisor to Students Award, the Most Inspirational Teacher Award, the Robert Pantzer Award, and the Award for Distinguished Service to International Education at The University of Montana as well as the CASE Professor of the Year Award and the Governor’s Humanities Award. He served as the founding director of the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center and as the Mansfield Professor of Ethics and Public Affairs. In addition, he has been a Senior Fulbright Scholar, a Senior Fulbright Specialist, a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, a Peace Fellow, a Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellow, and a Distinguished Lecturer for the U.S. Department of State. Professor Lauren has presented many lectures throughout the United States and around the world to a wide variety of audiences, including students and professors, the general public, activists, analysts, attorneys and judges, professional diplomats, legislators, and policy makers. He also has delivered invited addresses before the Smithsonian Institution, the Nobel Peace Institute, and the United Nations.
More details on the book:
The evolution of international human rights: visions seen
By Paul Gordon Lauren
Edition: 2, illustrated
Published by University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003
ISBN 081221854X, 9780812218541
397 pages. – (Copy Page 176 from book below)

HUMAN RIGHTS: BY REGENTS PROFESSOR PAUL GORDAN LAUREN

From Book: Samoa mo Samoa; by Professor J.W. Davidson.
At the beginning of June two major events gave further evidence of the growing reality of the new political era. On 1st of June 1948 the newly authorized flags of Samoa-the Samoan flag (which had just been adopted) and the New Zealand flag, flown conjointly, were raised ceremonially for the first time. An official anthem, ‘The Banner of Freedom’, had been composed for the occasion. In the wave of sympathetic emotion which the occasion generated the country gained a national flag, a national anthem and a national day, all of which established a hold on the people’s minds and survived as part of the ceremonial superstructure of the nation state that they were engaged in creating. The next day the High Commissioner opened the first session of the Legislative Assembly.  (This info stated from the two pages below P191 and P192 of the book: Samoa mo Samoa by professor J.W. Davidson)

SAMOA MO SAMOA BOOK BY PROFESSOR J.W. DAVIDSONSAMOA MO SAMOA BOOK BY PROFESSOR J.W. DAVIDSON P192

SOURCE: NZTEC; The New Zealand Electronic Text Centre. Digital library to significant New Zealand and Pacific Island texts and materials.Victoria University Of Wellington.
REPORTS:
1. Twenty-second Report of the Administration of the Mandated Territory of Western Samoa, Wellington, N.Z., 1945.
2. Report to the Trusteeship Council by the United Nations Mission to Western Samoa, 1947.

NZTEC Text: CONCLUSION TO CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES:
Constitutional changes of great importance have taken place in Western Samoa since the introduction went through the press early in 1947, and it is now necessary to add something to what was stated in the latter part of that chapter in order to record the more significant developments that have succeeded the Mandate.

The draft Trusteeship Agreement for Western Samoa submitted to the United Nations by the New Zealand Government was placed before the General Assembly of that body for consideration and approval in October, 1946. Approval accorded on 13th December, 1946, brought Western Samoa under the International Trusteeship system.

In the meantime, however, the Samoan people, consulted regarding the terms of the draft agreement, had submitted a petition praying for immediate self-government under the protection of New Zealand. This the New Zealand Government duly forwarded to the Trusteeship Council with a request that a United Nations Mission should visit Western Samoa to investigate the petition. The Mission arrived on 4th July and left on 28th August, 1947, its complete report being released in October of the same year.

The Government’s proposals relating to constitutional changes in Western Samoa were outlined in the House of Representatives by the Acting Prime Minister on 27th August, 1947, and were later found to differ in very few particulars from the recommendations set out in the report of the Mission.

An Act of the General Assembly of New Zealand giving affect to the Government’s proposals was passed in November, 1947, and brought into force on the 10th March, 1948, by Governor-General’s Proclamation.

The significant provisions of that Act are as follows:
(1) The Administrator is in future to be known as the High Commissioner.
(2) A Council of State is established consisting of the High Commissioner and the Samoan leaders for the time being holding office as Fautua. The High Commissioner is to consult the Council of State on all proposals for legislation, matters closely relating to Samoan custom and any other matters affecting the welfare of Western Samoa which he considers it proper to refer to the Council of State.
(3) The old Legislative Council is abolished and a new legislature termed the Legislative Assembly, over which the High Commissioner or his nominee presides, is constituted consisting of:
(a) The Samoan members for the time being of the Council of State:
(b) Eleven Samoan members nominated by the Fono of Faipule:
(c) Not more than five European elected members:
(d) Not more than six official members, of whom three are nominated by the Governor- General and three by the High Commissioner.

There is thus an effective Samoan majority in the new legislature, whose powers are wide, but do not extend to the making of laws relating to defence (except in regard to the taking of land for defence purposes), external affairs, or affecting the title to Crown lands. The Assembly is not competent to make any Ordinance repugnant to the provisions of any enactments declared in or pursuant to the Samoa Amendment Act, 1947, to be reserved.

On Tuesday, 1st June, 1948, in the course of celebrations that lasted the entire week, the new Samoan Flag and the New Zealand Ensign were raised together on the historic Malae at Mulinu’u, and the next morning the Legislative Assembly was formally opened by the High Commissioner. The Council of State has functioned regularly since its inception.

The establishment of the United Nations Organisation has furnished the occasion for the development of a legal substitute for the Mandates system and in terms of the Trusteeship Agreement the New Zealand Government assumes direct responsibility for the administration of the trust Territory. In relation to successive modern political stages and the derivation of New Zealand’s authority in Western Samoa, must therefore be read in conjunction with the note of constitutional changes was set out thus closes with the commencement of a new political era in the lives of the people of Western Samoa.

It has been shown that Samoan society, although tenacious of its own culture in the past, is then subject to stresses that may possibly lead to sweeping social reforms within a comparatively short period. Ignorance can be a country’s greatest enemy, and there are many Samoans who recognize that their progress to ultimate self-government is inevitably bound up with education, particularly that of the younger generation. Progress and education will bring changes in their train, but that moment there is much of beauty and dignity in Samoan custom that links the present with the past.

The aspirations of an intelligent people for self-government may properly command respect and earnest assistance. Although a period of preparation is inevitable, it has been stated on behalf of the New Zealand Government that the steps taken recently are only the first in a process that will not end until the people of Western Samoa are able to assume full responsibility for the control of their own affairs. Link To: NZTEC

FOOTNOTES:
On August, 1947, the term ‘Native’ had been replaced by ‘Samoan’ in normal official usage after the New Zealand policy statement of Aug 1947. The Department of Native Affairs, for example, had been renamed Department of Samoan Affairs. But the term ‘Native’ remained in the text of many legal enactments, in the title of various offices, etc., till the Samoa Amendment Act, 1951, provided for its general replacement by ‘Samoan’. (Davidson Bk: Samoa mo Samoa)

During 1947-54, The growth in export earnings was paralleled by an increase in the participation of Samoan villagers in economic life. Samoan producers had contributed the figure was 1,999 tons of cocoa, or sixty-six per cent of the total exported. A rapidly growing banana trade was very largely reserved to Samoan growers. A great deal more money, this encouraged many Samoans in villages to begin trading on their own account. A return of June 1954 showed nearly seventy Samoans as the holders of business licences, nearly all as general storekeepers. One of these – Hon Fonoti Ioane Brown – who was an Apia merchant, had been the principal founder of the first predominantly Samoan-owned company, Samoa Traders Ltd. – was shown as operating fourteen stores, also became the most successful planters and cattlemen, his career had shown he was a man of drive and considerable shrewdness. His title belonged not to Lufilufi (the political centre of Atua, which he was to represent) but to Lotofaga Atua. (Davidson Bk: Samoa mo Samoa)

On March 10, 1948, the Samoa Amendment Act of 1947 became law. It changed the designation of Western Samoa’s principal executive officer from “Administrator” to “High Commissioner.” The “Administration of Western Samoa” became the “Government of Western Samoa.” (1a. Davidson 1967: 185)

On June 1, 1948, Western Samoa’s new flag was raised ceremonially for the first time, and was flown together with the New Zealand flag in Apia. (1a. Davidson 1967: 191)

On June 2, 1948, the High Commissioner opened the first session of the Legislative Assembly. (Davidson 1967: 190)

On March 1, 1949, Sir Guy Powles, Ph.D., was appointed as New Zealand’s High Commissioner for Western Samoa. (1a. Davidson 1967: 192)

On March 27, 1950, a Commission of Inquiry on Government Reform was appointed in Western Samoa. The members were: Tofa Tomasi, Tuala Tulo, Mata’ia Si’u, Tofilau Siaosi, Fa’amatuainu Tofilau and Namulau’ulu Siaosi. (1a. Davidson 1967: 265)

On April 1, 1950, Western Samoa’s Public Service Commission was created. (1a. Davidson 1960: 212)

HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN: THE FOUNDER AND LEADER OF THE SAMOA DEMOCRATIC PARTY 1951/1953

Immediately after the general election of 1951, Hon Fonoti had taken the novel step of calling a public meeting of Samoans to consider the formation of a political party. Out of this action the Samoan Democratic Party emerged. Men as varied in their outlook as Hon Fonoti himself, the practical businessman, in Hon Fonoti’s case, to retain Political Office. During its first year the party claimed a membership of about three hundred and the support of a substantial proportion of the untitled people; after that it gradually declined. But the election of Hon Fonoti to the Fono of Faipule late in 1951 and his return to the Legislative Assembly in 1954 Gave It A Place In The Formal Political Life Of The Country; and others who were associated with it have since served in Public Office. Though it was never able to function effectively as a pressure group, it’s more important policy proposals were brought clearly before the public; even thou the Party died, its Ideals have lived on in the form of demand for Universal Surfrage with Matai Candidacy, the replacement of The Fono a Faipule and The Legislative Assembly by One Body, and Personal Tax Services.  (Text: Samoa mo Samoa Book) And Original Copies As Follows:

HON FONOTI FOUNDER OF SAMOA DEMOCRACTIC PARTY 1953HON FONOTI FOUNDER OF SAMOA DEMOCRACTIC PARTY 1953HON FONOTI FOUNDER OF SAMOA DEMOCRACTIC PARTY 1953

Hon Fonoti the founder and the leader of the Samoa Democratic Party 1951/1953

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF WESTERN SAMOA, 1954:

Hon. Fonoti on pp. 290-291: “Hon. Chairmen and Members of this Convention.

Now is the time when all Christian people throughout the world are waiting to commemorate the birth of our Savious, Jesus Christ, and I should say therefore that Samoa should, together with the Angels in Heaven, at this time sing joyously ‘Goodwill to All Men’ and give praise unto the Lord. I say, therefore, Samoa be courageous and steadfast. This is the thing which was started by our parents who are now passed away, and therefore we should be steadfast and should support what our fathers started. The dignity of this Convention represents the dignity of the people of Samoa throughout the island and we should support and endeavour to carry out what our forefathers started. Samoa is a Christian nation and I do not think that any of us can find a non-Christian in Samoa. I say now before you that if we are not united and if we do not support and trust our leaders I do not think we shall secure what we are striving for. I am really happy indeed to see that we have realised what we have been striving for because who thought that we should come to see this day and to be in the position we are now in? I should therefore like to state before this convention how much I appreciate what our forefathers have done for us and I say ‘praise thee unto the Lord on high’ and pray that Samoa will remain peaceful.

Perhaps I have said enough and now I should like to say what I have in mind not because I’m a member of the Working Committee but because I should like to say that in as far as I am concerned I am wholeheartedly in agreement with all that has been put before us now and on the matter on which I would like to comment first is the question of Suffrage.

I would say to the Members of the Convention, please be calm; we are here to express our opinions and our views and what is good we should accept and what is bad we should reject. I have agreed because I realise the position that we are in and also the wishes of our people. I feel so anxious that we should establish our Self-Government firmly. Considering the progress of our people and in respect of our population and the progress of education in our country, I feel therefore duty-bound to say what is in my mind for the sake of our people and for the sake of our people and good of our future. Taking the position of the matai as it is now in our country today, the number of matai is as has been from the creases and the situation is that instead of the matai position growing it is not growing.

I feel if we realise the importance of Universal Suffrage as it is throughout the world then we shall give consideration to this point because if we allow all people to vote and have a say in the affairs of Government then I feel the position of the matai will be very secure indeed for the future. But if we do not accept such a procedure for the present then as time goes and as knowledge increases and as our children become educated and as our population increases I fear that I shall thoroughly regret that time when it comes.

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF WESTERN SAMOA, 1954:

Hon. Fonoti on p. 369:

“Messrs. Chairmen, in order that the matter be fully clarified I should like to say that the other reason why the Committee arrived at this recommendation was that after the period of three powers there was created here the position of two Fautua. That position has been well kept up to the present and the Samoans have witnessed the peaceful relationship existing in the country. As explained by one member, any frequent changes made will lead to trouble in the country, and I suggest that the position of two Fautua should be quite sufficient in the meantime. Samoa under the two Fautua has been living under peaceful and harmonious conditions.”

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF SAMOA, DEBATES, AUGUST SESSION 1954:

Hon. Fonoti, pp. 62-63: “Mr. President, Hon. Fautua and Hon. Members of the Assembly.

I was not going to speak on this matter, but since the matter has been discussed in detail and since it has become more serious in the minds of some Hon. Members I would like to contribute my opinion in connection with this matter. The relationship between this Legislative Assembly and the New Zealand Government, which is regarded as our trustee, is well understood in the minds of all Hon. Members of this Assembly and I think it is well understood also by all the people of the Territory. We have strived hard during the past and we are still striving towards that very goal which is dear to our hearts and that is a government to be governed by the people of this territory. We as representatives of the people should bear in mind that the opportunity given to us at this stage should be made use of, and, therefore it is up to us to work peacefully, harmoniously and in a friendly manner so as to enable us to achieve that very goal and we, that side of the House and this side of the House, are charged with the task of working together and co-operating together to reach that very goal. I regret, however, to say that ever since the opening day of this Assembly we have heard adverse comments by Members which to my mind is purely a non co-operative spirit. I would like to stress this point that there is nothing harmful to the progress of Samoa towards its goal.

I would like to refer to Standing Order 166 which is in itself self-explanatory. There is nothing here referring to any of the Executive Council members becoming Chairmen of any Standing Committee of this House. I, therefore, plead with you Hon. Members of the House on that side, the five elected members of the European Community, that I have a good understanding of the qualifications which you have in connection with matters concerning the welfare of our people and I ask you to be good enough and try and impart the knowledge you have so as to familiarise your brothers on this side in matters concerning the welfare of this country, and at the same time I pray that you will work together with us on this side towards that common aim.

Hon. Members of this House I again stress this point that it is no use saying that you have the interest of the Samoan people at heart when you are acting against it. Therefore, let us remember that if we are to row our boat to safety we must pull together and not as each rower pleases as nothing good can be gained by the Samoan government by so doing. I wish to repeat myself Sir, that I would like to see all members of representatives of the people who are present in this House working together for the common cause of our people.

I would like also to mention that we have before the House an amendment moved by one Hon. Member to the effect that ex-officio members of the Executive Council should not be allowed to vote or move any amendment in the various Standing Committees, and, if that is the attitude taken in this House as expressed by amendment moved by that Hon. Member we can never work ourselves in peace and in harmony.

In conclusion, I would say this that you and all of us here are representatives of the people and if we have the interest of our country at heart then we must try and work and pull together in order to gain what we hold dear in our hearts. The problem which we are facing now is, I think in the minds of one and all – the future self-governing State of Samoa.

FOOTNOTES:
On April 1, 1954, the “District and Village Government Board Ordinance” became law in Western Samoa. (1a. Davidson 1967: 312)

On December 22, 1954, Western Samoa’s Constitutional Convention concluded its proceedings. (1a. Davidson 1967: 324)

In 1954-1960, The Working Committee had been able to reach solutions on the most difficult problems of Samoan politics. In reaching decisions that were both clear and comprehensive on subjects such as the Head of State and domestic status, in its various aspects, the Working Committee Constitutional Convention had provided a firm foundation for the government of the future Samoan state. The drafting of the Constitution more important was the question of choosing a term to describe the new state. ‘Kingdom’ or ‘elective monarchy’, which would have accorded with Samoan sentiment, were inappropriate; and ‘republic’, which would have been accurate, were wholly unacceptable. Other terms that were thought of, such as ‘principality’, were rejected for one reason or another. The final decision, therefore, was in favour of the term ‘Independent State of Western Samoa’. (Davidson Bk: Samoa mo Samoa)

On October 28, 1960, Western Samoa’s Constitutional Convention completed its work. (1a. Davidson 1967: 400-401)

HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN: LEADER OF FONO OF FAIPULE OF SAMOA FROM 1939 TO 1947: MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY FROM 1948 TO 1952 & 1955 TO 1957: MEMBER OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION GOVT. SAMOA IN 1954: LEADER OF THE MAU FOR ATUA FROM 1935 TO 1942.

fonoti-info-from-govt-samoa2HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS OF HIS WISH FOR SAMOA IN 1954 – 1957: SAMOA INDEPENDENCE: ORIGINAL COPIES OF MINUTES TAKEN.

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THE LEADER OF SAMOA: O TOFIGA O LE MALO MA LE MAVAEGA O HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN: HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA JOHN BROWN GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS OF HIS WISH FOR THE OFFICIAL CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT OF SAMOA IN 1954-57

HON FONOTI: Hon Acting Chairmen and the dignity of the Convention.

SAMOA, I would say that even though this Convention has been somewhat long, it is now seven weeks since it started, but it is not a thing that we should be downhearted about, and from what I have heard of the expression of options I am convinced that the majority of us here are very keen indeed to secure Self Government – SAMOA INDEPENDENCE!

I AGREE that this Constitutional Convention is something like religious conference because we have very often mentioned the Name of God, whereas this Convention is the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa. I feel that the reason why perhaps we are mentioning the name of God so very often is because we are anxious that A Government of Samoa be Founded in God, AND I WISH TO SAY THEREFORE TO YOU SAMOA WELL DONE INDEED.

I AM CONVINCED THAT SAMOA is very anxious to take over the reins of her Own Government and Regain her rights to take charge of her own affairs. I would appeal to you Samoa, do not worry. Why should we worry? We are present here, we are all Samoans and this is Samoa which is holding this Convention. I would drew your attention Samoa to the fact that we are a Christian Country and this week we will again commemorate the Birth of Christ, the King of Peace on Earth. I would say, therefore, that we should all rejoice and be happy and sing together the ancient hymn ‘Praise be to God on High, Peace and Goodwill unto Men’. Therefore, I would say let us not worry. I am convinced that our people of Samoan are Christians, and where there is right according to the Will of God, there will be success. I would say, therefore, to you to bear in mind that Samoa is a Christian people and as Christians we should certainly exercise, faith, hope and love.

By Faith I mean we should believe there is a God; by Hope I would say that we should meet the temptations of the devil with hope in God; and by Love I mean that we should have that love whereby we will reject all that is bad and all that is not right that we may do, as good Christian people to love God and love our people and do that which is right. Samoa, let us be bound together in that love which should bring us together and do what is right for the benefit of our country in future.

Now I will express my opinion on this question of HEAD OF STATE. Before I actually state what I have in mind I should first like to remind this Convention that I am one of the members of the Working Committee, and our recommendation of course is before you now; but Since listening to the expressions which have been made in this Convention since the time we started I have come to some conclusions and formed my own opinion which I now wish to express before you.

FIRST, I would say that the present Council of State be retained and that its name be changed to Fono of Ta’imua – Council of Leaders.

SECOND, That the four royal sons of Samoa be in that Council.

THIRD, that the Hon Tupua Tamasese and Hon Malietoa, as they are at present, the Head of State, But for the future that there be only ONE Head of State and that the Head of the State be selected from within that fono of Ta’imua, And that the four nominates the Head of the State. If they are unable to do that then the matter should be referred to the Legislature for final action.

THOSE ARE MY WISHES to this question of Head of the State and I would say if we should do that and carry hope, faith and charity in our hearts, and trust in our Lord, and trust in our own people, I am sure we will succeed and be bound together in Unity and Friendship. And I would say not only for the present, but also for the future, so that the very words written in our flag which is flying above us now “GOD IS THE FOUNDATION OF SAMOA” may be always in our hearts. I have many other points which I would have liked to speak about but time is short.

Sir, I move that the Steering Committee comprising 5 Samoans and 2 Europeans namely:
Hon Leutele Te’o, Hon Tualaulelei, Hon Gatoloai Peseta, Hon To’omata and Hon Va’ai Kolone, Hon H.W. Moors and Hon A.M. Gurau, be Confirmed.
Hon Fiame Mata’afa Faumuina Mulinuu (ii) as the first Prime Minister of the Government of Samoa – Hon Fonoti Ioane Brown called a special meeting with his district and family of Aiga Pa’ia o Sa-Levalasi at Lotofaga Atua, to confirmed his retirement as a Politician at the end of 1957, and offer the opportunity to Fiame Mata’afa Faumuina Mulinu’u (ii).

Hon Fonoti Mata'utia Ioane Brown 1954-1957.

HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN ON SOME OF HIS GOVERNMENT TRIPS TO NEW ZEALAND IN THE 1940’s to 1950’s

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HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN HIGH COURT APPROVAL HE REQUESTED TO ABOLISHED  HIS PART EUROPEAN SIDE (BROWN FAMILY) TO BE LEGALLY A TRUE TOTAL SAMOAN.

fonoti-i-le-faamasinoga-sili-o-samoa-i-sisifo1HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN. PICTURED IN YEAR 1955

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POLITICAL REFERENCE: Hon Fonoti Mata’utia Ioane Brown of Lalovaea and Lotofaga Atua. Born: 1901, Died: 1974. He is a direct descendant of King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa. – INFO

The First Samoan Successful Businessman, And a Very Successful Politician:
1. The Leader of ‘The Fono of Faipule’ of Samoa from 1939 to 1947.
2. The Leader of the MAU in Atua from 1935 to his last year for the MAU at Vaimoso in 1942.
3. The Chairman for the Public Works Committee from 1948.
4. A Member of the ‘Legislative Assembly’ from 1948 to 1952 and 1955 to 1957.
5. A Member of the ‘Working Committee of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa 1954 to 1957.
6. The Founder and Leader of The Samoa Democratic Party established in 1951/1953.
7. He was the first appointed joint Directors of the Bank of Western Samoa 1962/1963.
8. A Member of the Copra Board of the Government of Samoa from 1957 to 1972.
9. The Petition for Self-Government in 1944 by Hon Fonoti leader of Fono of Faipule that he presented directly to New Zealand Governor-General Sir Cyral Newall in June, and much more directly to the Prime Minister the Rt. Hon Peter Fraser on the 20-26th of December the same year 1944. The United Nations approval on the 13st December 1946. The newly Samoan flag was raised on the 1st June 1948. Samoa’s Freedom confirmed!
10. A Major Global Recognition of Fonoti of Western Samoa, hes rated at the same level as Gandhi in India and three others for World Peace and Freedom 1945.
From Book: The Evolution of International Human Rights; Visions Seen: Edition2: by Regents Professor Paul Gordon Lauren.
Peace and a Charter with Human Rights: (chapter 6: Page 176)
Thus, many victims in the west began to join with many others like Gandhi in India, Ho Chi Minh of Indochina, Nkrumah and Kenyatta of Africa, Carlos Romulo of the Philippines, and Fonoti of Western Samoa in regarding the right of self-determination as absolutely necessary for International Peace.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: (Page 207)
The well-known vocal opponents of colonialism as China, Iraq, Mexico, and the Soviet Union. They battled over the text of each and every trusteeship agreement, trying to drive the specific conditions toward a greater emphasis on the rights of the peoples of these territories. In this regard, they strongly criticized a number of the early draft proposals from the colonial powers, but praised the commitment from the New Zealand that its agreement with Western Samoa would be “In effect a Self-contained Bill of Rights for the Inhabitants.

Click on the 3 url links below to view more original copies of Fono of Faipule proceedings on Hon J.B. Fonoti leadership and more confirmed from documents on lands and titles court final decision case in 1952 :

Link: FonoFaipule

Link: CourtDocuments1952

Link: ThreePowerKingdomVsSamoaCustomKingdomAndHonFonotiMavaegaTofigaMaloSamoa

Back left: Tofaeono, Tualaulelei Mauri, Tu'u, Afamasaga Kalapu. Front Left: Hon Fonoti Mata'utia Ioane Brown and Mr Fred Betham. Govt trip to NZ to bring the Mace for the Parliament House of Samoa In 1955. Mace: Symbol of the United Kingdom of British partnership of the Queen in Parliament House of Samoa.

Stand left: Hon Tofaeono Fa'agi, Hon Tualaulelei Mauri, Hon Tu'umatavai, Hon Afamasaga Kalapu. Sitting Left: Hon Fonoti Mata'utia Ioane Brown, and Hon Mr Fred Betham. Govt trip to NZ to bring over the Mace the symbol of the British Emperor for the Parliament House of the Government of Samoa in 1955.

On January 1, 1962, Western Samoa became the first independent state in the tropical South Pacific, and also the world’s first independent “micro-state.” Malietoa Tanumafili (ii) and Tupua Tamasese Mea’ole were joint Heads of State for life. Mata’afa Faumuina Fiame Mulinuu (ii) was Western Samoa’s first Prime Minister. (1a. Davidson 1967: 408-411) Note: The Government of Samoa founded in God: Fa’avae i le Atua Samoa.
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In 2003, A Major Global Recognition for Fonoti of Western Samoa. The Book: The Evolution of International Human Rights; Visions seen; by Regents Professor Paul Gordon Lauren. Edition 2. (Chapter 6: P. 176) Peace and a Charter with Human Rights: “Thus, many victims in the west began to join with many others like Gandhi in India, Ho Chi Minh of Indochina, Nkrumah and Kenyatta of Africa, Carlos Romulo of the Philippines, and Fonoti of Western Samoa in regarding the right of self-determination as absolutely necessary for international peace”. (P. 207) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “In this regard, they strongly criticized a number of the early draft proposals from the colonial powers, but praised the commitment from the New Zealand that its agreement with Western Samoa would be “in effect a self-contained Bill of Rights for the inhabitants”. (Regents Professor Paul Gordon Lauren: World Peace and Freedom 1945: Nobel Peace Institute and the United Nations)

In March, 1952, Fonoti Ioane Brown Quote: “Ole Suafa Fonoti o Lotofaga Atua o le Tama a Salevalasi, Ole Fu’a maualuga e mamalu ai Salevalasi i fafo i Samoa”.

(”e ufiufi a le tama’imoa i le tanoa, ae ioio lava..”)

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24
Nov
08

LAND & TITLE COURT FINAL DECISION: FIAME MATA’AFA VS FONOTI IOANE BROWN 1952

NOTE: Click on each image to enlarge size:

FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN O LOTOFAGA ATUA ILE AIGA PA’IA O SA-LEVALASI, MA FIAME MATA’AFA FAUMUINA MULINUU (II) MA SALEVALASI. OLE FA’AIUGA ILE FA’AMASINOGA I MULINUU SAMOA LANDS & TITLE COURT 1952.

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TALA I LE MAFUA’AGA UA ALI’ITA’I AI FALEATA I LE SUAFA FAUMUINA LE TUPUFIA

Ua maliu Tuia’ana Tuiatua Faumuina le Tupufia ona tau ai lea o le taua ina ua fia Tupu uma le fanau a Faumuina, e iai Fonoti, o le teine o Samala’ulu, ma Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa; “le Tupufia o le Faumuina”.

Ona papae ai lea o lo latou taua i Leulumoega e ta’ua o le taua o le Paegauo, o le taua po’o ai o le a e’e iai Papa. O le vevesiga ma le a’afia uma ai o Samoa ona po’o ai o le a Tupu. Ua uma le taua ua manumalo Fonoti ona o le tulaga fulisia o Samoa sa lagolago ia te ia. Ona faae’e ai lea o Papa e fa o le Tuiatua, Tuia’ana, Vaetamasoali’i, ma le Gatoaitele ia Fonoti ma avea ai ma Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa. Ona finagalo lea o le Tupu e fia asia le Itumalo o Faleata. Ona o le tasi lenei o Itumalo na tau malosi i le itu taua a le Tupu o Fonoti ma ona tofiga ‘O Faleata, o le Itu Autasi ia Lufilufi ma Leulumoega ma Tuisamau. ‘O le ava a Faleata e fevala’aua’i. Na fa’apea ai fo’i se fuaitau; “O le sola a Faleata e sola ae vave mai”.

O Fonoti o lona tina Manalelei po’o Talaleomalie, o Manalelei Talaleomalie o lona tina Aloalonei, o Aloalonei o lona tina Unusialetoa, o Unusialetoa o lona tina Letele-o-Talaia le alo o Mata’afa o Ululoloa i Faleata, o le fai’a lea a Fonoti le Tupu ma Faleata i lena vaitau o le soifuaga.

Na malaga ai lea o le Tupu o Fonoti i Faleata. O iai i Vaimoso le tagata malosi ma le toa lenei e igoa ia Tiufea. Ona alu ane ai lea o Tiufea ia Fonoti ma lana manulele. Ua fa’alele manu nei le Tupu o Fonoti ma Tiufea. Ua fa’alele e le Tupu o Fonoti le manulele a Tiufea, ua lele aluga ma ifo mai ma tu i le a’ao o le Tupu. Ona fa’alele lea e Tiufea o lana manulele, ua na ona apata e fia lele ma pa’u mai ua tu i le ua o Tiufea. Ua fa’apea lava ona faia e le manulele le apata e fia lele, ma pa’u mai ma tu i le ua o Tiufea.

Ona malele lea o le Tupu o Fonoti ia Tiufea ma Faleata a’o potopoto iai ma le Tupu e fa’apea: “Tiufea, tu’u lou igoa o Tiufea, ae o le a e igoa ia ‘Manuleleua’ e manatua ai pea e Faleata lenei lava aso.” O lona tau, o le’a ou ‘Une’ lou Ao o le ‘Mata’afa i Atua’. Ae aumai le Suafa o lo’u tama o ‘Faumuina ete Ali’ita’i iai (Faleata)’. O to’oto’o fo’i ia o i Faleata Sasa’e ua fa iai to’oto’o o Faleata e o’o mai i aso nei. “Puni loa le Mata’afa, ae puni matatogo Faleata”.

O LE GAFA O MANALELEI TALALEOMALIE LE TINA O LE TUPU TAFA’IFA O FONOTI:
Usu #2 Tuiavi’i le alo o Tui-Toga (viii) ia Letele Talaeia le alo o Mata’afa i Ululoloa Faleata, fa’aee le gafa o Taua’aletoa (tama), ma Unisialetoa (teine).
Usuia Unisialetoa e Malietoa Sa o Mulifanua, fa’aee le gafa o Togia, Ifopo, ma Aloalonei (teine).
Usuia Aloalonei e Vaovasa o Gataivai i Savaii, fa’aee le gafa o Manalelei (teine: po’o Talaleomalie).
Usuia Manalelei po’o Talaleomalie e Tuia’ana Tuiatua Faumuina Le Tupufia, fa’aee le gafa o Fonoti (tama ulumatua “Ole Alii o Aiga”, ma le Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa).

Usu #1 Fonoti le Tupu Tafa’ifa ia Fuatino le alo o To’alepaiali’i i Satapuala Aiga Satuala, fa’aee le gafa: o Muagututi’a (tama ulumatua ‘O le Alii o aiga’).
Usu #1 Muagututi’a ia Poto le alo Amituana’i Manaia o Si’ufaitoto’a i Faleata, fa’aee le gafa: o Seutatia (teine ulumatua ‘Feagaiga ale Aiga’, na tofia e ala’ala ile Maota o Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a ma Sepolata’emo i Lufilufi o Tumua Atua).
Usuia Seutatia o Mulinu’u i Lufilufi e Lilomaiava Nailevai’iliili o Palauli i Savai’i, fa’aee le gafa: o Nofoa-tolu Lilomaiava Vae-ole-nofoa-fia (tama: Ulua’i suafa ‘Nofoatolu’ na e’e ile Maota o Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a ma Sepolata’emo i Lufilufi o Tumua Atua)
Usu Nofoatolu Lilomaiava Vaeolenofoafia ia Sinaivaiana le alo o Va’afusuaga o Faga i Savai’i, fa’aee le gafa: o Fonoti Nofoatolu Laufeti’iti’i (tama) [Fonoti o Lotofaga Atua].
Usu Fonoti Nofoatolu Laufeti’iti’i o Mulinu’u i Lufilufi ia Va’asa le alo o Fiame Muagututi’a le Sa’ofaapito ma le Aiga Pa’ia o Salevalasi i Lotofaga Atua, fa’aee le gafa: o Fonoti Oliovaigafa (tama ulumatua ‘O le Alii o aiga’), Nofoatolu Ti’auliva’a (i), ma Lagouta (teine) – [Sa-Fonoti o Lotofaga Atua]
(O Fonoti Oliovaigafa na ai Ali’i mai iai Molio’o ma le Ailaoa e fai ma o latou Ali’i e iai le ulua’i Suafa Fonoti sa ala’ala i lona Maota o ‘Vainiu’ i Faleapuna. Na maliu ai lava le Ali’i ma sa lagomau ai lava. E pa, e leai sona suli. Ae fa’asolo le Suafa ma le gafa o Fonoti le Tupu Tafa’ifa i Lotofaga Atua i suli o Nofoatolu Ti’auliva’a, ma le teine o Lagouta).
(“Fonoti o Lotofaga i Atua o suli tau toto ma le suafa o Fonoti le Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa”)

O Va’asa o le alo o Fiame Muagututi’a, o le tasi ole to’afa o lo’o fa’alupe nei i Lotofaga o “Alo-tau-tino ole Sa’ofa’apito ua Fiame”. Ole to’afa lenei e filifili po’o ai so latou suli e nofoia le suafa Fiame, pe’a avanoa. Na usu Fiame Muagututi’a ia Masu le alo o Sitagata Timalesa o Lotofaga fotuai mai o Leaegalesolo (tama), Fuiava’iliili (tama), Va’asa (teine), ma Va’aloa (teine). O le Mavaega a Fiame Muagututi’a Le Sa’ofa’apito o le Aiga Pa’ia o Sa-Levalasi i Lotofaga Atua, E na’o i la’ua teine o Va’asa: Fonoti, ma Va’aloa: Fiame na tofia e alaala (Maota) i gatai’ala i Mala’e i Mulifusi ma Tanumaleu, po’o le Malae o Papa o le Aiga Pa’ia o Sa-Levalasi i Lotofaga Atua.

O LE FIAME LE SA’OFA’APITO MA LE AIGA PA’IA O SALEVALASI I LE MALAE O LOTOFAGA I ATUA

Na ta’oto le fa’atafa o le Tupu Tafa’ifa o Salamasina ile Malae o Mulifusi i Matafagatele, ua ta’ua nei ole Malae o Lotofaga i Atua i aso nei. Na to’ai le toma’aga a Manalelei Talaleomalie ia Tupuola Folopapa i Tanumaleu, ole Malae ua ta’úa o Lotofaga i Atua i aso nei. Ona o’o mai lea ile taimi o Fiame Muagututi’a o ia lea na fa’ato’a sa’ofa’apito ole Malae ua ta’ua nei o Lotofaga i Atua, le Maota o Fiame le Sa’ofa’apito Muagututi’a o Lotofaga Atua. Ole Malae ole fa’autugatagi.

O le ulua’i Fiame o Ufui’avaopupu i Tanumaleu po’o le Malae o Lotofaga i Atua lea ua ta’ua ai nei, na usu ia Levalasi le alo o Tapu o Letaupe i Mata’tufu, fotuai mai o alii nei o Tuiatua, ma le alii o Muagututi’a lea na soso’o ma lona tama ile nofoia ole Fiame. O Fiame Muagututi’a na si’í e Mata’tufu i lalo i Matafagatele, o le ala lea ua ali’i ta’i ai ia Fiame ma sa’ofa’apito iai e o’o mai ile taimi nei ile Malae o Lotofaga i Atua. O ulua’i sa’o sa ala’ala i Tanumaleu lea ua ta’ua nei ole Malae o Lotofaga i Atua, o Tupuola ma Seinafolava. O lo la fa’alagina e fa’apea: Afio mai e na ulua’i sa’o Tupuola ma Seinafolava, Afio mai le fale agafulu o Fiame, Afio mai le falevalu o Seinafolava, Afio mai fa’aulu’ulu Teoteo ma Tumanuvao, Afio mai le ali’i ole ao le tupe na tago’esea Amituana’i, Maliu mai ali’imau o faleupolu Fa’atili ma Lemauga, Susu mai Sitagata ma le va’á na taumualasi ma le aiga Sasitagata, mamalu mai le faleatua.

TOFIGA O LE MALO A FONOTI LE TUPU TAFA’FA O SAMOA (Since: 1600AD)

FA’ALUPEGA AOAO O SAMOA; Tumua ma Pule, Itu’au ma Alataua, Aiga ile tai, ma le Va’a o Fonoti.
TE’O; ‘O oe o le Anava o Taua, ‘Ma lou Manu Samoa.
FIA’AITAGATA; ‘O au Suafa ia o Fatialofa, ma Auelua. ‘O le a fai i la’ua ma Tulauniu o Atua, ‘Punefu o Atua, ‘To’oto’o o le Tuiatua.
MATA’UTIA; ‘O le Va’a o Fonoti, ‘O le Malu o Ma’auga – Leulumoega, ma Lalogafu’afu’a, Lufilufi. ‘Fea, o le Va’a o Fonoti, ‘O fea fo’i e Fa’aopea ia Atua le Fauono.
MOLIO’O; ‘O oe o le Va’a o Fonoti, ‘O oe o le To’o o le Fua.
LEUTELE (Falefa); ‘O oe o le A’ai o le Tupu o Fonoti! ‘Falefa (District), Sanone, Gagaemalae, Saleapaga, Sagapolu, Falevao, Sauago, Saletele, Uafato.
TOFAEONO; ‘E Ono Pou o Lufilufi, Fitu ia te oe. ‘E Iva Pou o Leulumoega, Sefulu ia te oe. ‘E Fitu Pou o le Malietoa, Valu ia te oe. ‘E Tolu Pou o Satunumafono, Fa ia te oe.
O LE VA’A O FONOTI: Samamea, Ma’asina, Lona, Taelefaga, Salimu ma Ma’auga, Musumusu, Falefa, Sanone, Gagaemalae, Saleapaga, Sagapolu, Falevao, Sauago, Saletele, Uafato, Lalomauga, Manunu, Faleapuna, Lufilufi, Saluafata, Fusi, Salelesi Safanua, Fagaloa, Solosolo, Luatuanu’u.
TUMUA O ASIATA: Ole a Falefa Tumua ia te oe (Sa’iliga Malo o Asiata ia Fonoti).

O LE MAVAEGA A FONOTI LE TUPU TAFA’IFA MA LONA USO O VA’AFUSUAGA TOLE’AFOA

Na iloa atu e Tumua ua afio atu Tole’afoa, ona fai atu lea, afio mai i le Maota e te lua talatala ma le Tupu. Tali Tole’afoa, leai oute ava i Tumua, ua lava a’u i lalo o le ulu lea. Ae sa augani atu lona aiga ma Tumua, afio ane ia i le Maota. Na faofale loa Tole’afoa ma sa faa’alia lava lona fa’aaloalo ia Fonoti, ua faae’e o ia i le pou pepe o le isi tala o le Maota o Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a ma Sepolata’emo i Lufilufi Atua.

Ona agiagi atu ai lea o Fonoti le Tupu Tafa’ifa e fa’apea: Tole’afoa e, afio mai o le a totofi ata mea, au’a le nofo lelei ai o lau fanau ma la’u fanau i le lumana’i. O Papa e fa, o le a ia te a’u ma la’u fanau. A’o le Ao o le Tonumaipe’a, o le a ia te oe ma lau fanau. O le a e saofia le Aumaga, o le mea lea e ta’ua ai le Aumaga e Pa’ia, ona o le Ao o Tonumaipe’a ua iai. E te afio i le fala, Na’o oe lava e te nofo i le fala i fafo, E sa se isi o le Aumaga e nofo ise fala. A uma ona mama o le ava, e tu lava le tagata i luga ma lana maga’ava ma tu’u i le tanoa, a’o lau maga’ava e tu mai se tasi na te avatua, ona aumai lea o le tanoa tu i ou luma. A leai se Tupu e alagaina e Tumua, O le a e Tuia’ana Ave’aumalaga. O le a fa’asino fo’i ia te oe upu o le Aualuma. O lou Aualuma o le a tausi e Leulumoega ma e na ta’i Fasito’o-tai ma Fasito’o-uta.

A e toe tago mai i a’u mea, e sauaina oe i le aufuefue ma soloa i le vailalo ma lau fanau. A ou tago atu i au mea ia fa’apea fo’i ona soloa a’u i le aufuefue ma tafea i le vailalo ma la’u fanau.

O le Mavaega lea nai Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a ma Sepolata’emo i Lufilufi Atua a Fonoti le Tupu Tafa’ifa ma lona uso o Va’afusu’aga Tole’afoa, o lo’o tausi iai Samoa i lenei Mavaega e o’o mai i le aso. E tele isi mea ta’ua na maua mai e tagata i le na aso mai tofiga a le Tupu o Fonoti ina o le a maliu. O lea lava e o’o mai i le aso ana tulaga mamalu. E le mafai ona suia ma o lo’o aga’i pea iai fa’aupuga a Samoa i ana mea e fai.

Fai mai le Tupu Tafa’ifa o Fonoti, “E lelepa ia te a’u le vai.” E le toe faia nisi tofiga ma nisi mavaega ua gata ai ia te ia. “O Samoa ua uma ona tofi”.

(“e ufiufi a le tama’imoa i le tanoa, ae ioio lava..”)

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11
Nov
08

Paramount Chief Title Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown Of Ti’avea Aleipata (Scotishman from Great Britain)

A BRIEF HISTORY OF TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN OF TI’AVEA AT ALEIPATA SAMOA: A SCOTISHMAN AND A CAPTAIN OF HIS SAILS TRADING CARGO SHIP FROM SCOTLAND IN THE 18TH CENTURY.

Father: David Brown (of Leif South, Scotland).
Mother: Ann Bain (of Scotland: David’s first Spouse).
Children:
1. Son: Alexander Brown, Born: 28 July 1810 Scotland, baptism 12 August 1810.
2. Son: James Brown, Born: 17 October, 1813 Scotland, baptism 14 November 1813.
3. Son: David Brown, Born: 30 December 1814 Scotland, baptism in 1815.
Father: David Brown (of Leif South, Scotland).
Mother: Ann Murdock (of Scotland: David’s Second Spouse).
Children:
1. Son: David Lennox Brown, Born 22 July 1822 Scotland, baptism 2 September 1822.

Alexander Brown was born on the 28th July 1810 in Scotland, Great Britain. His father was Mr. David Brown a Scotishman and his mother was Ann Bayne. Mr David Brown a Soldier and Blacksmith in his rank of profession was resided at Leith South, Scotland in Great Britain. Alexander Brown, was known in Samoa as ‘Tuimanu’a’ the holder of the high ranking title, a Paramount Chief in the 18th century bestowed to him by the King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a island at Tau where abouts the palace of the King or Queen Tui-Manu’a in the eastern side of Western Samoa (apparently by Tui-Manu’a Kamalita). Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown was a Captain of his trading cargo ship a widow and a rank in profession of Trading at the age of 67 years. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown was legally married to Miss. Ainoama on the 21st day of April 1877. Alexander was 67 years of age and Miss Ainoama was 22 years old. (Miss Ainoama was a daughter of high-talking Chief: Su’a of Samusu village in Aleipata, Upolu in Western Samoa.) And they have four children namely: Phobe Malia Brown, Anne Vaelua Brown, Emma Brown, and William Vili Brown. Alexander Brown was also accompanied by his eldest daughter name Miss Jane (Sieni) Brown from his former spouse back in Scotland. He also had six Hawaiian crewmen picked up from Hawaii on the way to the Manu’a island for his four sails cargo ship.

Father: Alexander Brown of Ti’avea Samoa (Son of David Brown and Ann Bain in Scotland).
Mother: Ainoama Su’a o Samusu Ti’avea Samoa (Daughter of Su’a in Samusu Samoa).
Married: 21 April 1877 Samoa: British Consulate: British Conculs District of Navigators Islands. This marriage solemnized between them in the British Consulate according in the precises of the Counsellors: Edward A. Liaradro, and in the presence of: D.S. Parker, and T. Dickson.
Children:
1. Daughter: Phoebe Malia Brown, Born: Feburary 1873.
2. Daughter: Ann Vaelua Brown, Born: March 1875.
3. Daughter: Emma Brown, Born: June 1880.
4. Son: William (Vili) Brown, Born: 25 July 1881.

Also Note: Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea apparently had 6 other Spouses in Samoa.

Miss Jane Brown was married to high chief Tupuola Auvale of Lona Fagaloa in Upolu Samoa. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown has great grand daughters through the marriage of his daughter Miss Jane Brown, that one was named ‘Afugalooletuimanu’a’, the name means ‘The Forgotten or Lost or Spent Strengh (sweat) of Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown in Fagaloa’. Another granddaughter was named ‘Afulilooletuimanu’a’, the name means the ‘Tuimanua’s Strength (afu)’ buried in Fagaloa. There is a lake there in the village of Fagaloa called ‘AFULILO’ was named after Tuimanu’a Alexander John Brown. The other granddaughter was also named ‘Fa’amalumalugaoletuimanu’a’, the name was to remind the bestowing of the highest Title Tuimanu’a to Alexander Brown of Scotland by King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a island. Apparently it was not a paramount chief title as usual but a King’s Title of a small island of Manu’a and its true. You would prove that if refer to history between the King Tui-Toga of Tonga and King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a in those days that we still follow up.

Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown also his grandson through the marriage of his daughter Anne Vaelua Brown to Tafea Lomano Maioa of the King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa family lineage. He was Fonoti Mata’utia Ioane Brown of Lotofaga and Lalovaea. Born 17 Feb 1901 and died 9 Oct 1974. He was educated at Marist Brothers School from 1908 to 1913. He worked with Westbrook and Burns Philip as a Salesman, and he became an entrepreneur himself and was the first Samoan successful businessman to distinguish himself in this field. He owned many successful companies, and was also became the most successful planters and cattlemen. BUSINESSMAN: He owned a Bakery in Matatufu, A trading vessel called ‘Star Of The Sea’ and was engaged in Agricultural Development in Lotofaga. (In time he became The Most Successful of Planters and Cattlemen). He Established the First Primary School at Lotofaga which taught Agricultural Subjects. J.B. Fonoti Set up: The Samoa Traders Ltd.; The Mulifanua Trading Ltd.; and JB Fonoti Ltd. He also opened a Supermarket including a Bakery with delivery for Aleipata district and Lotofaga district Atua from his property in Lotofaga. POLITICIAN: While engaged to all Business Activities, Hon J.B. Fonoti was also a Successful Politician. He was the leader of The Fono a Faipule of Government of Samoa from 1939 to 1947. And was also a member of the Government of Samoa Legislative Assembly from 1948 to 1957. And a member of the Working Committee of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa in 1954 to 1957. He was the leader of the MAU for Atua also in 1935 till his last year for the MAU in Vaimoso 1942. He was the founder and leader of The Samoa Democratic Political Party in 1951/1953. When the New Zealand Governor-General Sir.Cyril Newall on his third visit to Samoa on June 1944, while welcoming, leader Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti and on behalf of the Fono of Faipule, directly expressed solid criticism of the New Zealand policy. And much more directly to the New Zealand Prime Minister the Rt. Hon Mr. Peter Fraser on his visited for a special fono to discuss matters on the spot, on the 20-26th of December the same year 1944. Demands were made by leader Fono o Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti with a list of remits presented to the Prime Minister, most of which were detailed and aimed at progressive displacement of Europeans by Samoans in administration, but which was headed by a firm request for Self-Government in Samoa after the war. PETITION IN 1944: The Petition for Self-Government in Samoa by the leader of Fono o Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti in 1944. The United Nations approval on the 13th December 1946. The newly Samoan flag was raised on the 1st June 1948. Samoa’s Freedom confirmed!

Mother: Ann Vaelua Brown (Daughter of Alexander Brown of Ti’avea and Ainoama Su’a of Samusu).
Father: Tafea Lomano Maioa Fonoti (Son of Muaimana, the daughter of Fonoti Teoteo Tuipu’avai of Lotofaga Atua, and Tafea Elise, the son of Fonoti Letaupe Tuipalepale and Lupe Tafea Tuai’ipuniu of Mata’tufu Atua).
Married: The Holy Roman Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception at Apia on the 18th December 1895. Officiating Minister being Rev. FR. J. Garnier S.M. Witnessed being: Filipo of Falefa, and Victor Aupito.
Children:
1. Son: Ola Mika Brown.
2. Son: Fonoti Mata’utia John Brown, Born: 17 Feb. 1901.
3. Son: Tasala Brown.
4. Daughter: Bella Brown
5. Daughter: Fiava’ai Brown.

Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea at Aleipata died at the age of 86 on the 10th of August 1896, And was buried in Ti’avea village at his last permanent residence as officiated by Rev. Opapo of Mormon church.

“TI’AVEA UFA MEA (VALELEA), FAGA LE POVI LE LAVEA…” An old saying by Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown that was well known by the people of Ti’avea in Aleipata back in the days. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown had a cattle farm, and when someone needed cattle, Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown he sometimes lend them his shotgun that when they missed a shot and wasted a bullet, Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown will say “ Ti’avea Ufa Mea, Faga le Povi le Lavea”. The phrase became very popular with the people of Ti’avea back then and in memory of Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea in Aleipata, Samoa. The Brown family was known and called by the people of Atua back then as “Le Au Tui-Manu’a!”. Understanding is there are Brown families of Tui-Manu’a Alexander Brown in the Manu’a island, Tutuila and Upolu Samoa.

Click on each image to enlarge size:

TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S BIRTH AND BAPTISM INFORMATION LEITH SOUTH SCOTLAND IN 1810: HIS PARENTS WERE MR DAVID BROWN AND MISS ANN BAYNE

alexander-brown-marriage-birth-cert-scan3TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN COPY MARRIAGE CERTICATE TO MISS AINOAMA IN 1877

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LETTER BY MATA’AFA ABOUT TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN OF TI’AVEA IN 1882

Letter about Tuimanua Alexander Brown by Mata'afa in 1882

TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S DAUGHTER ANN VAELUA BROWN MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE IN 1895

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TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S DAUGHTER ANN VAELUA BROWN’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE IN 1875

genealogy-ann-v-brown-b-certTUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S GRANDSON HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA JOHN BROWN’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE IN 1901

jb-fonoti-birth-certHON FONOTI MATA'UTIA JOHN BROWN OF LOTOFAGA ATUA.A SPECIAL NOTE: A’e malamalama i lou gafa ma tagata na e tupuna mai ai, o le a fa’apena fo’i ona ofi atu ia te oe lagona o ia tagata. O TOA O SAMOA. Knowing your genealogy, po’o lou malamalama i le gafa a oe ma lou aiga, e atili fafaga ai le agaga ia te oe o le loto nu’u, ma lou loto aiga.

APIA HARBOUR SAMOA.

06
Nov
08

Original Documents On Hon J.B. Fonoti Govt. Appointments Of His Wish For Samoa 1954-57. His Petition For Self-Government in 1944 And The United Nations Approval In 1946.

The following documents were the only information was kept and found with the Government of Samoa from inquiry of research on Hon J.B. Fonoti. Further down are copies from the NZ Govt. Archive of the Petition for Self-Government in Samoa in 1944 by Hon Fonoti Mata’utia Ioane Brown, the leader of the Fono of Faipule of Samoa that was directly presented to the Prime Minister of New Zealand the RT. Hon Mr Peter Fraser. And also copy of the United Nations approval in 1946 from the United Nations as per requested to the UN. Hon Fonoti Mata’utia Ioane Brown was the leader of the ‘Fono a Faipule’ of Samoa from 1939 to 1947. And was also a ‘Member of The Legislative Assembly’ from 1948, 1950 to 1952 and 1955 to 1957. In 1954 he was a member of the ‘Working Committee of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa. And was the leader of the MAU for Atua also from 1935 to 1942.

The Petition for Self-Government in Samoa by leader J.B. Fonoti in 1944 was presented directly to New Zealand Prime Minister the Rt. Hon Mr. Peter Fraser and Governor-General Sir Cyral Newall, resulted to approval by the United Nations for ‘Self-Government in Samoa’ on the 13th December in 1946!

Click on each image to enlarge size:

HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS OF HIS WISH FOR THE CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT OF SAMOA IN 1954-57

Hon J.B. FonotiHon J.B. Fonoti

fonoti-info-from-govt-samoa

INTRO ON THE PETITION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN 1944 BY LEADER OF FONO OF FAIPULE HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN WAS DIRECTLY PRESENTED TO THE NEW ZEALAND PRIME MINISTER THE RT. HON MR FRASER.

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THE UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA ON THE 13TH DECEMBER 1946. A RESULT FROM THE PETITION IN 1944 BY HON FONOTI TO HON MR FRASER. A COPY FROM THE UNITED NATIONS AS PER REQUESTED.

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HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN THE LEADER OF FONO OF FAIPULE OF SAMOA 1939 TO 1947.

jb-fonoti-leader-of-fono-of-faipule-letter-in-1945HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA IOANE BROWN OF LALOVAEA AND LOTOFAGA ATUA 1901-74. HES A DESCENDANT OF KING FONOTI TUPU TAFA’IFA OF SAMOA. PICTURED IN 1955.

HON FONOTI MATA'UTIA JOHN BROWN

SAMOA’S FREEDOM FROM THE NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT AND THE BRITISH EMPEROR ISSUED AND CONFIRMED! – WESTERN SAMOA’S INDEPENDENCE.

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Click link for more on J.B. Fonoti leadership copies Fono of Faipule proceedings: FonoFaipule

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28
Oct
08

O Le Mavaega A Queen Salamasina Le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa O Samoa.

1. Usu Sanalala Le Manu’a o Safata ia Gatoaitele ma Gasoloai, fa’aee le gafa: o Vaetamasoali’i, Atogauga-A-Tuitoga, ma Lalovi’imama (tama).
2. Usuia Vaetamasoali’i e Tuia’ana Tagaloa Selaginato le atali’i o Tagaloa Fa’aofonu’u, fa’aee le gafa: o Tuia’ana Tamalelagi (tama: ma lana falesefulu).
3. Usu #10 Tuia’ana Tamalelagi ia Vaetoefaga le alo o Tui-Toga Faisautele, faaee le gafa o Salamasina (teine: O le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa).
4. Usuia Atogauga-A-Tuitoga e Tonumaipe’a Sauoaiga o Savai’i, fa’aee le gafa: o Tau’ilili, Tupa’i (Vaililigi), ma So’oaemalelagi Levalasi (teine).
5. Usu Lalovi’imama le atali’i o Sanalala Le Manu’a o Safata ia Sefa’atauemana le Sa’otama’ita’i o le Tuiatua, fa’aee le gafa: o Tuiatua Mata’utia Fa’atulou.
6. Toe usuia e Tuiatua Mata’utia Fa’atulou ia So’oaemalelagi Levalasi, fa’aee le gafa: o Tuimavave (tama: alualu toto), ma Salamasina le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa (O le tei teine ma le tama fai o So’oaemalelalgi Levalasi le “Fa’avae o le Aiga Salevalasi”. E uso o la tina ma Tuia’ana Tamalelagi).

O le Fa’avae “Aiga e lua” o Samoa: O le usuga muamua #1 a Tuia’ana Tamalelagi ia Nomoaitele le alo o Folasaitu i Faleata, fotuai mai o Tuala le tama ulumatua “O le Ali’i o Aiga” ma le “Fa’avae o le Aiga Sa-Tuala”. O lona sefulu o usuga a Tuia’ana Tamalelagi ia Vaetoefaga le alo o le Tui-Toga, fotuai mai le teine o Salamasina le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa. Ma le tei ma tama fai o So’oaemalelagi Levalasi le “Fa’avae o le Aiga o Salevalasi”. E uso o la tina ma Tuia’ana Tamalelagi le tama o Salamasina.

O LE MAVAEGA A SALAMASINA LE ULUA’I TUPU TAFA’IFA O SAMOA

Sa ta’oto gasegase le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa o Salamasina i Lotofaga Atua. Ua vaivai o le tupu, ua potopoto Tumua ma Aiga. Ona fai lea o le Mavaega a Salamasina ia Aiga ma Tumua. O Papa e tu’u atu e tausi aiga e iai ua Pa’ia o le Aiga o Sa-Levalasi ma le Aiga Sa-Tuala, ma latou toga ua Pa’ia i le igoa o le Pulu ma le Leuleu; ma ua sa fai mai le Mavaega, a fai e iai se tasi ua manuia i le finagalo a Leulumoega ma Lufilufi ona faao’o ina lea o toga i Mulinu’u i le Maota o le Tuiatua i Lufilufi ma Nu’uausala i Leulumoega i le Maota o le Tuia’ana.

Salamasina na fanaua Fofoaivaoese, o lana fanau o Taufau ma Sina. Usuia Sina e Tito’iaivao, fa’aee le gafa o Faumuina le Tupufia. Usu Faumuina le Tupufia ia Manalelei Talaleomalie, fa’aee le gafa o Fonoti. Ua o’o ia Fonoti ona faato’a taunu’u o le Mavaega a Salamasina, au’a ua tofia Fonoti ia Leulumoega ma Lufilufi ma fa’aee i ai o Papa ia Fonoti, ona faao’o ina lea o le Mavaega a Salamasina i Maota o Mulinu’u ma Nu’uausala. Ina ua mae’a ona faae’e uma ia Fonoti o Papa e fa o le Tuia’ana, Tuiatua, Gatoaitele, ma le Vaetamasoali’i. Ua Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa nei Fonoti.

GAFA TAU TUPU O SALAMASINA LE ULUA’I TUPU TAFA’IFA O SAMOA

Usuia Paenu’ulasi le alo o le TUI-MANU’A e TUI-TOGA Faisautele, faaee ai le gafa o Ulualofaiga (tama), ma Vaetoefaga (teine). Usuia VAETOEFAGA le alo o le TUI-TOGA e TUI-A’ANA TAMAALELAGI le alo o TUI-A’ANA TAGALOA SELAGINATO ma VAETAMASOALII, faaee le gafa o SALAMASINA LE ULUA’I TUPU TAFA’IFA O SAMOA. O le mafua’aga fo’i lea na ave ai e So’oa’emalelagi Levalasi Papa e fa ma ia NAFANUA ia Salamasina, ona ua matua o ia, ma ua silafia lelei e So’oaemalelagi Levalasi le GAFA TAU TUPU o SALAMASINA e tau i le Tui-Manu’a, Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Tagaloalagi, Tui-Fiti, Tui-Toga, Tui-Raratoga, Tonumaipe’a, Vaetamasoali’i ma Gatoaitele.

O Tumua o Leulumoega ma Lufilufi lea na maua ai le fa’apu’upu’uga o fa’alupega o Samoa e iai TUMUA MA PULE mai le faae’ega e Tupa’i Vaililigi o Papa e fa o le Tui-A’ana, Tui-Atua, Vaetamasoalii, ma le Gatoaitele ia Salamasina le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa. Ae mulimuli ane le fa’aopo’opoga o le ITU’AU MA ALATAUA, AIGA I LE TAI, MA LE VA’A O FONOTI ina ua fa’alelei le taua a le Tupufia a Tui-A’ana Tui-Atua Faumuina, o Fonoti ma ona uso tau feagai o Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa ma le teine o Samala’ulu. Ma na manumalo Fonoti ona o le tulaga fulisia o Samoa sa lagolago ia te ia. Na faae’e lea o Papa e fa ia Fonoti o le Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Vaetamasoalii, ma le Gatoaitele. FONOTI LE TUPU TAFA’IFA O SAMOA, le suli o le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa o Salamasina.

11
Oct
08

Fa’anofo I Le Ulua’i Suafa ‘Tama-A-Aiga’ Ma Le Ulua’i Suafa ‘Tupua’ A Fuiava’iliili.

O LE FA’ANOFO I LE ULUA’I SUAFA TAMA-A-AIGA MA LE ULUA’I SUAFA TUPUA A FUIAVA’ILIILI

Usuga muamua a Muagututi’a (le atalii o Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa) ia Poto le afafine o Amituana’amanaia i Faleata, fa’aee le gafa: o Seutatia (teine Matua: Feagaiga A Le Aiga). Toe usu Muagututi’a ia Agaitafili le afafine o Lilo Seve i Salega Savaii, fa’aee le gafa: o Mata’utia, Fualau, ma Talopatina (teine). Toe usu Muagututi’a ia Taumata le afafine o Toa’alii i Saluafata, fa’aee le gafa: o Fepulea’i, ma Lagi (teine). Usuga mulimuli a Muagututi’a ia Fenunuivao le afafine o Leutele i Falefa, fa’aee le gafa: E leai se la fanau. Ona aumai ai lea o Fuiava’iliili le atalii o Fuimaono ma Oilau o Salani i Falealili e fai ma atalii fai o Muagututia.

O Tofiga a Muagututi’a Le Atalii O Le Tupu O Fonoti: Na ioe Tumua i le malelega a le Tupu o Fonoti e fa’apea: MUAGUTUTI’A, O le a e alu ma lou Muagututi’a, Ma lou Fuatino, Ma lou Faumuina, Ma lou Melegalenu’u. E te nofo i Mulifusi. E te tua ia Sa-Tuala, Ae tausi oe e Leulumoega.

Na malaga Taimalieutu e ave le savali a Muagututi’a i Savaii i le Aiga Sa-Tuala e logo i le fanau a Tautaiolefue le nofo a Fuiava’iliili i le Tupua, na taunu’u i Talalupe i le Maota o Vui ma fofoga i ai ia Tuala ma Sala ma le ta’auso le finagalo o Muagututi’a, peita’i na te’ena e le Aiga Sa-Tuala le finagalo o Muagututi’a, ma le fa’aupuga e fa’apea “Ia ifo tonu le fuiniu i le lapalapa”. Na fo’i Taimalieutu ma fofoga ia Muagututi’a, peitai na fa’ateia Tuala ma ona uso ina ua afio atu Muagututi’a i Savaii.

Ua o’o ina ua malilie Sa-Tuala i Savaii i le finagalo o Muagututi’a o le ali’i o Fuiava’iliili o le a fa’amamalu lona Tupua.

Na potopoto uma Tumua ma ua avatu le fa’aletonu ua o’o ia Sa-Tuala talu ai le tama o Fuiava’iliili, ma o le mafua’aga lea ‘na saesae laufai ai Tumua’, o lona uiga ua talatala le afa a le tama ua su’e pe i ai ni ona aiga, ma na mae’a lena, ona fa’amalieina loa lea o itu uma o Sa-Tuala.

Na o’o ina ua e’e ia Fuiava’iliili i le suafa o le ‘Tama-A-Aiga’, ona masi’i mai lea o Tuala ma Sala ma le I’e o le Natunatu ma le Nafinafi e fai ai toga, lea na masaesae ai le lagi ua pulafia ai e Tumua ao o le lagi, ina ua tatala le I’e sa au afa e Tuala.

Na mae’a le nofo o le ‘Tupua’ a Fuiava’iliili ma avea o le ‘Tama-A-Aiga’, ona mavae lea o Muagututi’a e fa’apea; “Tupua ia e manatua le alofa o lo’u aiga, afai o le a maua ni au usuga, ia tautuana ma oe lo’u aiga e fa’amanatu ai”. Peita’i ua fa’agaloina, a’o lea na fa’amanatu e lona atali’i o Galumalemana i lana usuga ia Teuaililo mai Saluafata ona fa’aee lea o le gafa: o le tama o Tualamasala, o lona uiga ua tu’u fa’atasia le suafa o Tuala ma Sala e fa’amanatu ai le agalelei o le Aiga Sa-Tuala mai Savaii.
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Tofiga a Muagututi’a ma isi e pei ona ta’ua i Fa’alupega ia o Nofoali’i i A’ana:

FA’ALUPEGA FA’ALENU’U O NOFOALI’I:
Tulouna Sagameauta o susu ai sa Tanuvasa
Tulouna Lupese’e o afio ai Taimalieutu ma le falefa o Satuala
– Tulouna le nofo a itu aiga ia te oe le Falea’ana
Tulouna Mulifusi o afifio ai aloali’i (Tama a aiga) –
Tulouna a sa Faiumuataata
Tulouna sa Filivai – Tulouna sa Taumateine
Tulouna a le itu Falea’ana i Gaga’e ma oulua tapa’au o Tauti ma Malaitai.

FA’ALUPEGA O NOFOALI’I:
Tulouna oe le faleaana – Tulouna oe le ta’ele o le va’a
Tulouna le foe ma le matuafoe
Tulouna a lau fetalaiga a Tanuvasamanaia, ma itu lua i A’ana
Tulouna le aiga Satuala
Tulouna a lau afioga Taimalieutu, o le fofoga o le taufa
Tulouna a lau afioga a Muagututi’a, o lautou tama Satuala

Maota: Lupese’e (Satuala) ma Mulifusi (Samuagututi’a)

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O LE MAVAEGA A TAMASESE

O Tamasese na fa’atafa fo’i, sa faia o lona mavaega i Mulinuu i Lufilufi. Ua fai atu o lona afioga, ia potopoto Aloalii ma Tumua ma lona atalii o le Alofi. Ona potopoto mai lea.

Na fai atu ai lea o lona afioga ia Aloalii ma Tumua, ma le Alofi lona atalii; fa’alogo mai ia; le feagaiga lenei sa au faia i le va a le Malotetele Siamani ma Tumua, ia e outou alofa, ia outou tausi lelei i ai. Ia outou alofa i le Malo Siamani pei o lona alofa mai ia te a’u. Aua ne’i outou savali i se isi ala. Ia outou savali tonu le ala na’u fa’asino atu, ona fa’amamalu mai o lona afioga o le Kaisa Siamani ia te a’u.

Ia tu mau pea o le fealofani i le va a outou, Tumua ma Aloalii, ma le Malo Siamani. Ia tu mau e outou usiusita’i lelei i le finagalo le Kaisa Siamani ia o’o lava i outou fanau. Ia faapea fo’i e outou aiga, aiga Savaii, aiga Upolu ia outou fa’alogo lelei fo’i i le feagaiga ua osia. Ua lalata aso, ona iai i vaivai. Ia outou faia pei sa au faia. Le Alofi, Tamasese lea.

Tamasese ua fa’afeagai ma Tumua ma Aloalii. Ia tausi lelei fo’i o le feagaiga ma Siamani. Ia usiusita’i i ai, o’o i ai se mea finagalo i ai o le Malo Siamani, o’o i se faigata, fa’apea fo’i i se mea faigofie, ia e outou tali o lena mea uma. Ia outou fealofani pei ona po nei.

Tumua e ma Aloalii! Afai ua agaleaga Malietoa i Tumua, ia agaleagaina iai fo’i fa’atasi ma Aloalii. Aua ne’i sese se tasi. Ia outou liliu fa’atasi! Faitalia e le Atua, pe alofagia e outou i le Malotetele Siamani.

Click on the link to view related article: The New All Samoa Fa’alupega Changed in 1912

mataafa-tamasese-german– –

Click on the following link below to view article on tofigas for Muagututi’a by his father King Fonoti: ETaaaloTamaAoSeUso

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