Posts Tagged ‘Tuimanua

11
Mar
09

The Constitution And The Fa’alupega Of All Samoa: By Dr Kramer: 1897 to 1901.

THE CONSTITUTION AND THE FA’ALUPEGA OF ALL SAMOA

By Dr. Augustin Kramer: Translated by Dr. Theodore Verhaaren: Researched in Samoa from 1897 to 1901.

According to the history of the constitution presented above, it and the fa’alupega resulting from it, assume the following form: We find that the Kingdom of Samoa is linked to the possession of certain titles (four) which are conferred by the places of government of A’ana, Atua and Tuamasaga; and there in fact only certain families of orator chiefs have the right to confer these titles. The king, ruling at a given time, designates his successor (in most cases one of his sons), taking into consideration not only the latter’s personal qualities but also in particular his mother’s distinguished blood line, because he knows that in view of the wealth of his maternal family, the tumua (Leulumoega and Lufilufi) look with special favour upon such designation. If the successor has extensive family connections, being a tamaaiga “son of families”, he is certain to be chosen. If a paramount chief possesses the four titles Tui-A’ana, Tui-Atua, Gatoaitele and Tamasoali’i, he is called tafa’ifa and King of Samoa (tupu o Samoa). The title Malietoa has nothing to do with kingship, just as little as f.i. the title Mata’afa. Here the statements in Stuebel p.104 are not correct. By Samoa in this connection is meant Upolu including Manono and Apolima, Savai’i, and Tutuila including Aunu’u, while Manu’a does not participate in matters concerning western kings. Since moreover Atua’s administration of Tutuila is only rather loose and divided, the new regulations of the political situation (the assumption of a protectorate regime over Tutuila and Manu’a by the United States) will represent no significant changes in the matter of kingships as such. The king had nothing to do with the inner affairs of his kingdom. Each district governs itself, the orator chiefs thus authorised calling a meeting of the whole district at the place of government, as may be so reviewed in the fa ‘alupega of the principal places of Upolu. Each district is divided into a certain number of communities (village communities), which govern themselves in like manner. Even if the whole kingdom has need to establish a policy, the tumua calls a general fono, which in most cases takes place in Leulumoega. Since even in ancient times only Upolu and Savai’i were involved, the composition of this fono was and remains the same, as may be observed in the following fa’alupega, the greeting with which the first orator chief of Leulumoega named Alipia opens the great fono at Leulumoega, his place of government.

FA’ALUPEGA OF ALL SAMOA: THE GREAT HONOURS OF ALL SAMOA.

TULOUNA A TUMUA, (Greeted the Tumua. Leulumoega and Lufilufi, and a mark of respect here also applied to Afega, the place of government of the Tuamasaga district; otherwise normally Laumua in differentiation from the Tumua)
TULOUNA OE PULE, (Greeted you Pule. This designation refers to Safotulafai, the mightiest of the six places of government of Savaii and thus also to all of Savai’i)
TULOUNA ITU’AU MA ALATAUA, (Greeted Itu’au and Alataua. Refers to Safata and Faleata in Tuamasaga)
TULOUNA AIGA I LE TAI, (Greeted the family of the sea. Honouring designation for the little island of Manono)
TULOUNA A LE VA’A O FONOTI, (Greeted the ship of Fonoti. Honouring designation for all the districts, villages and chiefs by King Fonoti).

NOTE: This All Samoa Fa’alupega from Two Occasions: (1.) TUMUA MA PULE; from the four wars by warrior Goddess Nafanua for the titles, and Tupa’i to bestowed the four titles to Salamasina. (2.) AIGA I LE TAI, VA’A O FONOTI, and ITU’AU MA ALATAUA; from the war for the four titles of Tui-A’ana Faumuina’s Tupufia his three children; Fonoti, Samala’ulu and Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa. All of Samoa involved in this war, Fonoti won and was bestowed the four titles; by Samoan Customs. (the four titles: Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Gatoaitele, and Vaetamasoali’i; as Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa).

Queen Salamasina’s line of succession to the High Titles: Tui-A’ana – Aiga o Salevalasi.
Tui-A’ana Tamalelagi was married to Vaetoefaga the daughter of the Tui-Toga, they begot Salamasina (Girl: adopted by her untie Levalasi, the founder of Aiga o Salevalasi).
1. Queen Salamasina (The first Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa to held all Four Titles: Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Vaetamasoalii, and Gatoaitele) was married to Tapumanaia Tonumaipe’a, they begot Fofoaivaoese (girl: eldest “Feagaiga a le Aiga” and line of succession), and Tapumanaia Tapulesatele (boy).
2. Tuia’ana Tuiatua Fofoaivaoese was married to Tauatamaniula’aita, they begot Taufau (girl: eldest “Feagaiga a le Aiga” – wished for her line succession terminated), Sina (girl: second eldest – bestowed line of succession), and Asomua Lemalama (boy).
3. Tuia’ana Tuiatua Sina was married to Tito’iaivao, they begot Faumuina (boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga” Greeted as “Le Tupufia”).
4. Tuia’ana Tuiatua Faumuina le Tupufia was first married to Manalelei or Talaleomalie, they begot Fonoti (boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga” the second Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa – Won the War within his kin for the Four Title Kingship of Samoa).
4. Tuia’ana Tuiatua Faumuina le Tupufia was married again to Tu’umaleulua’ialii, they begot Samala’ulu (girl).
4. Tuia’ana Tuiatua Faumuina le Tupufia was married again to Atamulau, they begot Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa (boy: founder of family “Aiga Taulagi”).
5. King Fonoti (The second Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa to held all Four Titles: Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Vaetamasoalii, and Gatoaitele) was first married to Fuatino of Satuala family, they begot Muagututi’a (boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga”).
5. King Fonoti (The Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa) was married again to Taeleasa’asa of Satuala family, they begot Falegaoti (girl: Greeted as “Ma’opu o Tuala ma Sala”).

King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa of his wish “Mavaega” with his younger brother Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa at the Palace of Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a and Sepolata’emo at Lufilufi the Tumua Atua: So Tole’afoa came and sat down by the in-between posts at the rear of the Palace of Mulinu’u at Lufilufi Atua. Again the King spoke: Come, that I may determine our affairs so that your children and mine will fare well. The following were the words of King Fonoti: “The Four High Titles be for me and my children, while the Title Tonumaipe’a be for you and your children.” However, if you ever again reach for my things, you and your children shall be the prey of the creepers (in the grave) and water shall flow below you; if on the other hand I should reach for your things then I and my children shall be seized by the creepers and water shall flow under me.

6. Muagututi’a was first married to Poto, they begot Seutatia (Girl: eldest “Feagaiga a le Aiga” appointed to stay at the Palace of Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a and Sepolata’emo at Lufilufi the Tumua in Atua – King Fonoti line and Title succession).
6. Muagututi’a was married again to Agaitafili, they begot Mata’utia (Boy), Fualau (Boy), and Talopatina (Girl).
6. Muagututi’a was married again to Taumata, they begot Fepulea’i (Boy), and Lagi (Girl).
6. Muagututi’a was married again to Fenunuivao, they had no children and adopted Fuiavailiili (Boy: son of Fuimaono and Oilau at Falealili. Bestowed the first “Tupua” Title and “Tama’aaiga” – Safenunuivao in Falefa).
7. Seutatia was married to Lilomaiava Nailevai’iliili, they begot Nofoatolu Vaeolenofoafia (Boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga” the first “Nofoatolu” Title bestowed at the Palace of Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a and Sepolata’emo in Lufilufi Atua).
8. Nofoatolu Vaeolenofoafia was married to Sinavaiana, they begot Laufeti’iti’i (Boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga” bestowed “King Fonoti” Title and “Nofoatolu” Title at the Palace of Mulinu’u Lalogafu’afu’a and Sepolata’emo in Lufilufi Atua).
9. Fonoti Nofoatolu Laufeti’iti’i was married to Va’asa the daughter of Fiame le Sa’o Fa’apito Muagututi’a at the Sacred Family of Salevalasi in Lotofaga Atua, they begot Oliovaigafa (Boy: eldest “Alii o Aiga” bestowed King Fonoti Title. He passed away with no children), Ti’auliva’a (Boy: bestowed Nofoatolu Title), and Lagouta (girl) – [King Fonoti line and Title of Lotofaga Atua - At the Sacred family of Salevalasi].

THE TWO CAPITALS TUMUA: LEULUMOEGA AND LUFILUFI

NU’UAUSALA: the royal seat of LEULUMOEGA (Tumua – the principal place), the land of the Tui-A’ana, where now the English mission stands. Nu’uausala “the extraordinary place” similar to Tui-Manua’s Fale’ula no longer exists in Leulumoega since the English missionaries settled on it. Malae o Vavau; the name of the old inland Malae of Leulumoega, today is called Ma’auga.

MULINU’U: the royal seat of LUFILUFI (Tumua – the principal place), the land of the Tui-Atua. Falenu’utupu Area and Manuo’s Malae. The fine mats which are heaped up in the Orator Chief’s House and are there distributed.

TUMUA MA PULE, ITU’AU MA ALATAUA, AIGA I LE TAI, MA LE VA’A O FONOTI, TAMA MA A LATOU AIGA PO’O AIGA MA A LATOU TAMA.

(”Tama Ma a Latou Aiga po’o Aiga Ma a Latou Tama”; Tama-A-Aiga “Sons of Families”: an addition to as the current fa’alupega of All Samoa after the Colonial period.)

ABOUT EACH ISLAND OF SAMOA

The TUI-MANU’A was the King of Manu’a. UPOLU is called the MOTU O PAPA, because they have The Four Papa Titles, TAFA’IFA which are: TUI-ATUA, TUI-A’ANA, GATOAITELE, VAETAMASOALI’I. SAVAI’I is called MOTU O AO, because they have the Ao Titles which are, TAGALOALAGI (Safune), TONUMAIPE’A (Alataua), LAULUSA (Salemuliaga), ULUPOAO (Puleia), FA’ASUA’IAU (Palauli- Papa), FETAFUNE (Samauga-Mata’utu), LILOMAIAVA (Palauli) and the PULE ONO I SALAFAI, (1) Safotulafai-Fuifatu. (2) Saleaula-Vaitu’utu’u. (3) Safotu-Finao. (4) Asau-Matiamatia’ituau. (5) Satupaitea-Faletoi. (6) Palauli-Vailoa. TUTUILA is called MOTU O TAEMA, because Taema has family there, and it was also called MOTU O SALAI’A, because Taema gave the island of Tutuila to SALAI’A, the daughter of Malietoa Fuaoleto’elau.

11
Nov
08

Paramount Chief Title Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown Of Ti’avea Aleipata (Scotishman from Great Britain)

A BRIEF HISTORY OF TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN OF TI’AVEA AT ALEIPATA SAMOA: A SCOTISHMAN AND A CAPTAIN OF HIS SAILS TRADING CARGO SHIP FROM SCOTLAND IN THE 18TH CENTURY.

Father: David Brown (of Leif South, Scotland).
Mother: Ann Bain (of Scotland: David’s first Spouse).
Children:
1. Son: Alexander Brown, Born: 28 July 1810 Scotland, baptism 12 August 1810.
2. Son: James Brown, Born: 17 October, 1813 Scotland, baptism 14 November 1813.
3. Son: David Brown, Born: 30 December 1814 Scotland, baptism in 1815.
Father: David Brown (of Leif South, Scotland).
Mother: Ann Murdock (of Scotland: David’s Second Spouse).
Children:
1. Son: David Lennox Brown, Born 22 July 1822 Scotland, baptism 2 September 1822.

Alexander Brown was born on the 28th July 1810 in Scotland, Great Britain. His father was Mr. David Brown a Scotishman and his mother was Ann Bayne. Mr David Brown a Soldier and Blacksmith in his rank of profession was resided at Leith South, Scotland in Great Britain. Alexander Brown, was known in Samoa as ‘Tuimanu’a’ the holder of the high ranking title, a Paramount Chief in the 18th century bestowed to him by the King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a island at Tau where abouts the palace of the King or Queen Tui-Manu’a in the eastern side of Western Samoa (apparently by Tui-Manu’a Kamalita). Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown was a Captain of his trading cargo ship a widow and a rank in profession of Trading at the age of 67 years. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown was legally married to Miss. Ainoama on the 21st day of April 1877. Alexander was 67 years of age and Miss Ainoama was 22 years old. (Miss Ainoama was a daughter of high-talking Chief: Su’a of Samusu village in Aleipata, Upolu in Western Samoa.) And they have four children namely: Phobe Malia Brown, Anne Vaelua Brown, Emma Brown, and William Vili Brown. Alexander Brown was also accompanied by his eldest daughter name Miss Jane (Sieni) Brown from his former spouse back in Scotland. He also had six Hawaiian crewmen picked up from Hawaii on the way to the Manu’a island for his four sails cargo ship.

Father: Alexander Brown of Ti’avea Samoa (Son of David Brown and Ann Bain in Scotland).
Mother: Ainoama Su’a o Samusu Ti’avea Samoa (Daughter of Su’a in Samusu Samoa).
Married: 21 April 1877 Samoa: British Consulate: British Conculs District of Navigators Islands. This marriage solemnized between them in the British Consulate according in the precises of the Counsellors: Edward A. Liaradro, and in the presence of: D.S. Parker, and T. Dickson.
Children:
1. Daughter: Phoebe Malia Brown, Born: Feburary 1873.
2. Daughter: Ann Vaelua Brown, Born: March 1875.
3. Daughter: Emma Brown, Born: June 1880.
4. Son: William (Vili) Brown, Born: 25 July 1881.

Also Note: Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea apparently had 6 other Spouses in Samoa.

Miss Jane Brown was married to high chief Tupuola Auvale of Lona Fagaloa in Upolu Samoa. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown has great grand daughters through the marriage of his daughter Miss Jane Brown, that one was named ‘Afugalooletuimanu’a’, the name means ‘The Forgotten or Lost or Spent Strengh (sweat) of Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown in Fagaloa’. Another granddaughter was named ‘Afulilooletuimanu’a’, the name means the ‘Tuimanua’s Strength (afu)’ buried in Fagaloa. There is a lake there in the village of Fagaloa called ‘AFULILO’ was named after Tuimanu’a Alexander John Brown. The other granddaughter was also named ‘Fa’amalumalugaoletuimanu’a’, the name was to remind the bestowing of the highest Title Tuimanu’a to Alexander Brown of Scotland by King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a island. Apparently it was not a paramount chief title as usual but a King’s Title of a small island of Manu’a and its true. You would prove that if refer to history between the King Tui-Toga of Tonga and King Tui-Manu’a of Manu’a in those days that we still follow up.

Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown also his grandson through the marriage of his daughter Anne Vaelua Brown to Tafea Lomano Maioa of the King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa family lineage. He was Fonoti Mata’utia Ioane Brown of Lotofaga and Lalovaea. Born 17 Feb 1901 and died 9 Oct 1974. He was educated at Marist Brothers School from 1908 to 1913. He worked with Westbrook and Burns Philip as a Salesman, and he became an entrepreneur himself and was the first Samoan successful businessman to distinguish himself in this field. He owned many successful companies, and was also became the most successful planters and cattlemen. BUSINESSMAN: He owned a Bakery in Matatufu, A trading vessel called ‘Star Of The Sea’ and was engaged in Agricultural Development in Lotofaga. (In time he became The Most Successful of Planters and Cattlemen). He Established the First Primary School at Lotofaga which taught Agricultural Subjects. J.B. Fonoti Set up: The Samoa Traders Ltd.; The Mulifanua Trading Ltd.; and JB Fonoti Ltd. He also opened a Supermarket including a Bakery with delivery for Aleipata district and Lotofaga district Atua from his property in Lotofaga. POLITICIAN: While engaged to all Business Activities, Hon J.B. Fonoti was also a Successful Politician. He was the leader of The Fono a Faipule of Government of Samoa from 1939 to 1947. And was also a member of the Government of Samoa Legislative Assembly from 1948 to 1957. And a member of the Working Committee of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa in 1954 to 1957. He was the leader of the MAU for Atua also in 1935 till his last year for the MAU in Vaimoso 1942. He was the founder and leader of The Samoa Democratic Political Party in 1951/1953. When the New Zealand Governor-General Sir.Cyril Newall on his third visit to Samoa on June 1944, while welcoming, leader Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti and on behalf of the Fono of Faipule, directly expressed solid criticism of the New Zealand policy. And much more directly to the New Zealand Prime Minister the Rt. Hon Mr. Peter Fraser on his visited for a special fono to discuss matters on the spot, on the 20-26th of December the same year 1944. Demands were made by leader Fono o Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti with a list of remits presented to the Prime Minister, most of which were detailed and aimed at progressive displacement of Europeans by Samoans in administration, but which was headed by a firm request for Self-Government in Samoa after the war. PETITION IN 1944: The Petition for Self-Government in Samoa by the leader of Fono o Faipule Hon J.B. Fonoti in 1944. The United Nations approval on the 13th December 1946. The newly Samoan flag was raised on the 1st June 1948. Samoa’s Freedom confirmed!

Mother: Ann Vaelua Brown (Daughter of Alexander Brown of Ti’avea and Ainoama Su’a of Samusu).
Father: Tafea Lomano Maioa Fonoti (Son of Muaimana, the daughter of Fonoti Teoteo Tuipu’avai of Lotofaga Atua, and Tafea Elise, the son of Fonoti Letaupe Tuipalepale and Lupe Tafea Tuai’ipuniu of Mata’tufu Atua).
Married: The Holy Roman Catholic Church of the Immaculate Conception at Apia on the 18th December 1895. Officiating Minister being Rev. FR. J. Garnier S.M. Witnessed being: Filipo of Falefa, and Victor Aupito.
Children:
1. Son: Ola Mika Brown.
2. Son: Fonoti Mata’utia John Brown, Born: 17 Feb. 1901.
3. Son: Tasala Brown.
4. Daughter: Bella Brown
5. Daughter: Fiava’ai Brown.

Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea at Aleipata died at the age of 86 on the 10th of August 1896, And was buried in Ti’avea village at his last permanent residence as officiated by Rev. Opapo of Mormon church.

“TI’AVEA UFA MEA (VALELEA), FAGA LE POVI LE LAVEA…” An old saying by Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown that was well known by the people of Ti’avea in Aleipata back in the days. Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown had a cattle farm, and when someone needed cattle, Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown he sometimes lend them his shotgun that when they missed a shot and wasted a bullet, Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown will say “ Ti’avea Ufa Mea, Faga le Povi le Lavea”. The phrase became very popular with the people of Ti’avea back then and in memory of Tuimanu’a Alexander Brown of Ti’avea in Aleipata, Samoa. The Brown family was known and called by the people of Atua back then as “Le Au Tui-Manu’a!”. Understanding is there are Brown families of Tui-Manu’a Alexander Brown in the Manu’a island, Tutuila and Upolu Samoa.

Click on each image to enlarge size:

TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S BIRTH AND BAPTISM INFORMATION LEITH SOUTH SCOTLAND IN 1810: HIS PARENTS WERE MR DAVID BROWN AND MISS ANN BAYNE

alexander-brown-marriage-birth-cert-scan3TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN COPY MARRIAGE CERTICATE TO MISS AINOAMA IN 1877

alexander-brown-marriage-cert

LETTER BY MATA’AFA ABOUT TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN OF TI’AVEA IN 1882

Letter about Tuimanua Alexander Brown by Mata'afa in 1882

TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S DAUGHTER ANN VAELUA BROWN MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE IN 1895

anne-vaelua-brown-m-cert-fonoti-tafea-maioa

TUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S DAUGHTER ANN VAELUA BROWN’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE IN 1875

genealogy-ann-v-brown-b-certTUIMANU’A ALEXANDER BROWN’S GRANDSON HON FONOTI MATA’UTIA JOHN BROWN’S BIRTH CERTIFICATE IN 1901

jb-fonoti-birth-certHON FONOTI MATA'UTIA JOHN BROWN OF LOTOFAGA ATUA.A SPECIAL NOTE: A’e malamalama i lou gafa ma tagata na e tupuna mai ai, o le a fa’apena fo’i ona ofi atu ia te oe lagona o ia tagata. O TOA O SAMOA. Knowing your genealogy, po’o lou malamalama i le gafa a oe ma lou aiga, e atili fafaga ai le agaga ia te oe o le loto nu’u, ma lou loto aiga.

APIA HARBOUR SAMOA.




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